corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Malachi 1



Verse 1

burden. See note on Isaiah 13:1; and compare Zechariah 9:1; Zechariah 12:1, &c.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

to. Not "concerning".

by = by the hand of.

Malachi. Hebrew = My messenger, relating to the five messengers in this book: see App-10. Malachi himself (Malachi 1:1); (2) the true Priest (Malachi 2:7); (3) John the Baptist (Malachi 3:1 -); (4) the Messiah Himself (Malachi 3:1-3); (5) Elijah (Malachi 4:5). This last prophecy introduces the great fulfilment of Jehovah"s prophecy by Moses, the first prophet to Israel, in Deuteronomy 18:15-19. Compare Acts 3:18-26; Acts 7:37.

Verse 2

I have loved Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 7:8; Deuteronomy 10:15; Deuteronomy 33:3).

saith = hath said. Quoted in Romans 9:13, Esau Jacob"s. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for their posterities. Quoted in Romans 9:13,

saith the LORD = [is] Jehovah"s oracle.

Verse 3

dragons = jackals. Compare Isaiah 13:22; Isaiah 34:13. Jeremiah 9:11; Jeremiah 10:22; Jeremiah 49:33; Jeremiah 51:37.

Verse 4

impoverished: or, beaten down.

saith hath said.

the LORD of hosts. This expression occurs twenty four times in this prophecy, and gives its character to the whole, as in Zechariah.

border: or, territory.

wickedness = lawlessness. Hebrew. rasha`. App-44.

Verse 6

A son, &c. Ref to Pentateuch (Exodus 20:12), App-92. Note the Figure of speech Anacoenosis (App-6). An appeal to opponents as having a common interest. Compare Isaiah 5:4. Luke 11:19. Acts 4:19. 1 Corinthians 4:21; 1 Corinthians 10:15; 1 Corinthians 11:13, 1 Corinthians 11:14, Galatians 1:4, Galatians 1:21.

master. The Hebrew accents place the chief pause here, where the statement ends on which the appeal is based.

if then, &c. These two appeals are marked off by minor accents

My name: which is again marked off for special emphasis. (1) The argument is based on natural reverence; (2) the breach is shown in the case of Israel (Isaiah 41:8. Hosea 11:1); (3) the conclusion being that the priests were guilty cause.

Verse 7

Ye offer, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 15:21).

offer = bring nigh. Hebrew. nagash. App-43.

is = it [is].

Verse 8

if ye offer the blind, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 22:22. Deuteronomy 15:21). App-92.

and sick, is it not = and sick [saying], it is not evil.

Verse 9

I pray you, &c. Figure of speech Irony. App-6.

GOD. Hebrew. El.

this hath been = this hath come to pass.

by your means = at your hands.

regard = accept.

Verse 10

you. Emph. i.e. you [priests].

offering = a gift offering. Hebrew. minchah. App-43.

Verse 11

For. See the Structure ("J" and "J", above) for the commentary.

Gentiles = nations.

heathen = nations, or Gentiles.

Verse 12

it = Me. "Me" was the reading in the primitive text; but the Sopherim state they altered othi (Me) to otho (him, or it) out of a (mistaken) sense of reverence. See App-33. Compare Malachi 3:9; and Ezekiel 13:19.

table: i.e. the altar.

the LORD = Jehovah (App-4.). But this is one of 134 places which the Sopherim say they altered Jehovah to "Adonai".

Verse 13

Behold Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6).

snuffed = puffed. "Snuffed" is an archaism for "sniffed" - complained by snivelling: i.e. pooh-poohed.

it = My altar. See note on Malachi 1:12.

should I accept, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 22:20). App-92.

Verse 14

hath. Hebrew. yesh, See note on Lamentations 1:12.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Malachi 1:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 3rd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology