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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Numbers 24

 

 

Verse 1

pleased the LORD. Hebrew was good in the eyes of Jehovah.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

other times. Compare Numbers 23:3, Numbers 23:15, and see Structure (p. 215).

to seek for enchantments = to meet with familiar spirits (Deuteronomy 18:10, Deuteronomy 18:14). Hebrew. nechashim, from nachash, a serpent. Compare Genesis 3:1, and see App-19.


Verse 2

according to their tribes. Compare Numbers 2.

the spirit of God (Hebrew. "Elohim). This expression occurs eight times outside the books of Samuel (Genesis 1:2; Genesis 41:38. Exodus 31:3; Exodus 35:31. Exodus 24:2. Ezekiel 11:24. 2 Chronicles 15:1; 2 Chronicles 24:20). In all other places it is "the spirit of Jehovah".

Spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

upon. Always "upon "(not "in ") in Old Testament.


Verse 3

And he took up his parable. Compare Numbers 23:7, Numbers 23:18.

the man = the strong or mighty man. Hebrew. geber. See App-14.

whose eyes are. Hebrew "whose eye is".

open. Hebrew. shatham, to close, i.e. "the man with closed eye", i.e. in an ecstasy; closed, but seeing.


Verse 4

of. Genitive of origin = words from God.

GOD = the mighty God. Hebrew. "El. App-4.

falling into a trance. The Ellipsis better supplied - "falling [to the ground]".


Verse 5

How goodly. Figure of speech Thaumasmos. App-6. This is only in "the vision of the Almighty".

Jacob. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), put for posterity (App-6).

And. This not to be in italics, according to some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel Syriac, and Vulgate.

Israel. See note on "Jacob", Numbers 24:5.


Verse 6

As the trees of lign aloes, &c. Some codices, with The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel Septuagint, and Syriac, read "as tents which Jehovah hath pitched".


Verse 7

pour the water. This refers to Millennial blessings. See Eze 47and Zec 14.


Verse 8

him. Some codices, with Targum of Onkelos, The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel and Syriac, read "them". Compare Numbers 23:22.

unicorn. See note on Numbers 23:22.


Verse 9

He couched, &c. Compare Genesis 49:9.

cursed . . . curseth. Hebrew. "arar, execrate, chiefly as to its effect. See notes on Numbers 22:11; Numbers 23:8.


Verse 10

Balak"s anger. See note on Exodus 10:28.

curse = to pierce with words. Hebrew. kabab. See note on Numbers 22:11.

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

altogether blessed. Hebrew "a blessing thou hast blessed". Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6. See note on Genesis 26:28.


Verse 11

promote thee unto great honour. See note on Numbers 22:17, Numbers 22:37.

lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.


Verse 14

the latter days = the end of the days, denoting a definite period. Compare Genesis 49:1. Deuteronomy 4:30. Isaiah 2:2. Jeremiah 23:20; Jeremiah 30:24; Jeremiah 48:47; Jeremiah 49:39. Ezekiel 38:16. Daniel 10:14. Hosea 3:5. Micah 4:1.


Verse 16

Most High. Hebrew. Elyon, the High One over all the earth. See note on first occurrence, Genesis 14:18. The Old Testament usage of this title is always in connection with dominion in the earth. App-4.


Verse 17

but not. Hebrew Who is not.

Star. Hebrew. kokab = Messiah. See Luke 1:78. 2 Peter 1:19. Revelation 2:28; Revelation 22:16, and compare Matthew 2:2. Sceptre. See note on Genesis 49:10, and compare Psa 2.

corners = quarters.

destroy = subdue.

Sheth = Seth, i.e. all men, for all are now descendants of Sheth through Noah.


Verse 19

Out of Jacob. In Hebrew there is the Ellipsis of the Participle (App-6); "shall come "is implied and should be repeated from the previous clause. Revised Version is literal.


Verse 20

the first: i.e. the first that warred against Israel. Exodus 17:8. Not the first in time or importance. shall be, &c. = "[shall be] destruction". Compare Exodus 17:16.


Verse 21

Kenites. With the word "nest" forms the Figure of speech Paronomasia (App-6). Hebrew. ben kain.

nest. Hebrew. ken.


Verse 23

took up. This is not a fifth parable, but part of the fourth.

live = survive.


Verse 24

Chittim. A son of Javan, son of Japheth. Genesis 10:4. Probably Cyprus, including north coast-line of Mediterranean, spelled Kittim in Genesis 10:4 and 1 Chronicles 1:7.

afflict = humble.

Asshur = Assyrians.

Eber = the Hebrews.

he also: i.e. who sends the ships and humbled Asshur and Heber.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Numbers 24:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/numbers-24.html. 1909-1922.

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Saturday, December 14th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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