Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, June 25th, 2024
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12
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Bible Commentaries
Numbers 24

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole BibleCommentary Critical




Verse 1

1. to seek for—that is, to use enchantments. His experience on the two former occasions [Numbers 23:3; Numbers 23:15] had taught him that these superstitious accompaniments of his worship were useless, and therefore he now simply looked towards the camp of Israel, either with a secret design to curse them, or to await the divine afflatus.

Verse 2

2. he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their tribes—that is, in the orderly distribution of the camp ( :-).

the spirit of God came upon him—Before the regular ministry of the prophets was instituted, God made use of various persons as the instruments through whom He revealed His will, and Balaam was one of these ( :-).

Verse 3

3. the man whose eyes are open—that is, a seer (1 Samuel 9:9), a prophet, to whom the visioned future was disclosed—sometimes when falling into a sleep (Genesis 15:12-15), frequently into "a trance."

Verse 5

5-7. How goodly are thy tents, . . . O Israel!—a fine burst of admiration, expressed in highly poetical strains. All travellers describe the beauty which the circular area of Bedouin tents impart to the desert. How impressive, then, must have been the view, as seen from the heights of Abarim, of the immense camp of Israel extended over the subjacent plains.

Verse 6

6. As the valleysHebrew, "brooks," the watercourses of the mountains.

lign aloes—an aromatic shrub on the banks of his native Euphrates, the conical form of which suggested an apt resemblance to a tent. The redundant imagery of these verses depicts the humble origin, rapid progress, and prosperity of Israel.

Verse 7

7. his king shall be higher than Agag—The Amalekites were then the most powerful of all the desert tribes, and "Agag" a title common to their kings.

Verse 10

10-14. Balak's anger was kindled against Balaam, and he smote his hands together—The "smiting of the hands together" is, among Oriental people, an indication of the most violent rage (see Ezekiel 21:17; Ezekiel 22:13) and ignominious dismissal.

Verse 15

15. he took his parable—or prophecy, uttered in a poetical style.

Verse 17

17. I shall see him—rather, "I do see" or "I have seen him"—a prophetic sight, like that of Abraham (John 8:56).

him—that is, Israel.

there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel—This imagery, in the hieroglyphic language of the East, denotes some eminent ruler—primarily David; but secondarily and pre-eminently, the Messiah (see on John 8:56- :).

corners—border, often used for a whole country (Exodus 8:2; Psalms 74:17).

children of Sheth—some prince of Moab; or, according to some, "the children of the East."

Verse 18

18. Edom shall be a possession—This prophecy was accomplished by David ( :-).

Seir—seen in the south, and poetically used for Edom. The double conquest of Moab and Edom is alluded to (Psalms 60:8; Psalms 108:9).

Verse 19

19. Out of Jacob shall come he that shall have dominion—David, and particularly Christ.

that remaineth of the city—those who flee from the field to fortified places ( :-).

Verse 20

20. Amalek . . . his latter end shall be that he perish for ever—Their territory was seen at the remote extremity of the desert. (See on :-; also :-).

Verse 21

21. Kenites . . . nest in a rock—Though securely established among the clefts in the high rocks of En-gedi towards the west, they should be gradually reduced by a succession of enemies till the Assyrian invader carried them into captivity (Judges 1:16; Judges 4:11; Judges 4:16; Judges 4:17; 2 Kings 15:29; 2 Kings 17:6; also 2Ki 15:29; 17:6).

Verse 23

23. who shall live when God doeth this!—Few shall escape the desolation that shall send a Nebuchadnezzar to scourge all those regions.

Verse 24

24. Chittim—the countries lying on the Mediterranean, particularly Greece and Italy (Daniel 11:29; Daniel 11:30). The Assyrians were themselves to be overthrown—first, by the Greeks under Alexander the Great and his successors; secondly, by the Romans.

Eber—the posterity of the Hebrews (Genesis 10:24).

he also shall perish—that is, the conqueror of Asher and Eber, namely, the Greek and Roman empires.

Verse 25

25. Balaam rose up, and went . . . to his place—Mesopotamia, to which, however, he did not return. (See on Numbers 24:3).

Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Numbers 24". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/jfb/numbers-24.html. 1871-8.
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