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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Psalms 139

 

 


Verse 1

Title. A Psalm. Hebrew. mizmor. App-65.

of David = by David. The words alleged to be Chaldaisms in verses: Psalms 139:3, Psalms 139:4, Psalms 139:8, Psalms 3:20, are found in the earlier books such as Lev. 1 and 2 Samuel. There is no internal evidence of non-Davidic authorship.

LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

searched = search out as for treasures or secrets.

known = seen, so as to understand.


Verse 2

downsitting . . . uprising. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), App-6, put for all movements.

thoughts inward thought. Occurs only here and in Psalms 139:17.


Verse 3

compassest = scrutinisest.

lying down = bed.

art acquainted with = well knowest, or hast inspected.


Verse 4

altogether = on every side, or, the whole of it.


Verse 5

behind and before. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), App-6, put for every direction.


Verse 7

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

presence. Hebrew = face. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6.


Verse 8

hell = Sheol. See App-35.

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.


Verse 9

wings of the morning. See note on sub-scription of Psalm 21.


Verse 10

right hand. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6.


Verse 12

hideth not from = cannot be too dark for.


Verse 13

covered = woven me together. Compare Job 10:8, Job 10:11.


Verse 14

fearfully and wonderfully. Hebrew = fears and wonders. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for the feelings produced by the works.

my soul = myself. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.


Verse 15

substance = frame. Hebrew = bone, as in Genesis 2:21, Genesis 2:22.

curiously = skillfully. Hebrew = embroidered. Compare Exodus 26:1; Exodus 35:35.


Verse 16

substance . . . unperfect = unfinished substance. Not the same word as in Psalms 139:15. One word in Hebrew.

unperfect. Not imperfect.

Which in continuance = the days which were ordered, or in which they should be fashioned.


Verse 17

How precious. Figure of speech Ecphonesis. App-6. See note on 1 Samuel 3:1.

thoughts = desires. See Psalms 139:2.

GOD. Hebrew El. App-4.

sum. Hebrew, plural of majesty, denoting the fullness or vastness of them.


Verse 18

more in number . . . sand. Figure of speech Paroemia. App-6.


Verse 19

Surely, &c. These six verses (19-24) are not an "interpolation". They are required to complete the Structure. See above.

Thou wilt slay, &c. This is Omnipotent work. Compare Job 40:9-14.

the wicked = a lawless one. Hebrew. rasha", App-44.

GOD. Hebrew Eloah. App-4.

bloody = blood thirsty.

men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.


Verse 20

wickedly = rebelliously (pre-meditated).


Verse 21

am not I grieved with = do I not loathe.


Verse 23

thoughts = distractions or cares. Not the same word as in verses: Psalms 139:2, Psalms 139:17.


Verse 24

wicked = painful or grievous.

way. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for the grief produced by it.

way everlasting. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, for the happiness which is the effect and end of everlasting life.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 139:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-139.html. 1909-1922.

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Monday, November 30th, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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