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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Psalms 23



Verse 1

Title. A Psalm. See App-65. See note on title of Psalm 22.

The LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah.

The LORD ... my shepherd. One of the Jehovah Titles. See App-4, "Jehovah-Ro"i". Figures of Speech. Metaphor and Anthropopatheia. App-6.

not want. Because "Jehovah will provide", Jehovah-Jireh. See App-4.

Verse 2

maketh me = causeth me (implying continuance).

lie down. We need making so as to feed, and not trample the pastures down.

green pastures = choice pastures. Hebrew "pastures of tender grass".

leadeth me = causeth me to rest. Hebrew. nahal, to lead flocks.

still waters. Hebrew "waters of rests", JEHOVAH-SHALOM. App-4.

Verse 3

restoreth = bringeth back, as in Psalms 19:8, JEHOVAH-ROPKEKA. App-4.

soul. Hebrew. nephesh.

leadeth. Hebrew. nahal, to guide, conduct.

paths of righteousness = righteous paths. JEHOVAH-ZIDKENU. App-4.

name"s = own. See note on Psalms 20:1.

Verse 4

Yea = Moreover.

through. Not into; but "through", and out of it, into resurrection life.

valley, &c. = a valley of deep shade: may include (but not necessarily) death"s dark valley.

evil. Hebrew. ra"a". App-44.

Thou art with me. JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH. App-4.

rod and . . . staff = club and . . . crook. The only two things carried by the shepherd; the former for defense, the latter for help. The club for the sheep"s enemies, the crook for the sheep"s defense. A lesson for pastors to-day.

comfort = gently lead. Same word as "leadeth" in Psalms 23:2.

Verse 5

preparest = settest in order.

table. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), App-6, for what is on it. So that I may feast while He fights. JEHOVAH-NISSI. App-4. The figure of the sheep is continued: for the "table" of Psalms 23:5 answers to the "pastures" of Psalms 23:2.

enemies = adversaries.

anointest. JEHOVAH-MEKADDISHKEM. App-4. Still referring to the sheep and the Shepherd"s care: for the figure of the "sheep" is carried right through the Psalm.

cup: i.e. the Shepherd"s cup of water for the sheep.

runneth over. See note on Psalms 73:10.

Verse 6

mercy = lovingkindness, or grace.

follow = = follow after, or closely. In Hebrew present put for future.

for ever = evermore. Hebrew "to length of days".


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 23:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 25th, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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