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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 23

Introduction

1David's confidence in God's grace.

Verse 1

The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.
my
79:13; 80:1; Isaiah 40:11; Jeremiah 23:3,4; Ezekiel 34:11,12,23,24; Micah 5:2,4; John 10:11,14,27-30; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; 5:4; Revelation 7:17
I shall
34:9,10; 84:11; Matthew 6:33; Luke 12:30-32; Romans 8:32; Philippians 4:19; Hebrews 13:5,6
Reciprocal: Genesis 48:15 - fed me; Psalm 95:7 - people; Psalm 149:5 - the saints; Ecclesiastes 12:11 - given; Song of Solomon 1:7 - thou feedest; Isaiah 49:9 - They shall feed; Ezekiel 34:14 - feed them; Micah 7:14 - Feed; Luke 22:35 - lacked; John 10:9 - and shall

Verse 2

He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.
maketh
Isaiah 30:23; Ezekiel 34:13,14
green pastures
Heb. pastures of tender grass. leadeth.
46:4; Isaiah 49:9,10; Revelation 7:17; 21:6; 22:1,17
still waters
Heb. waters of quietness.
Job 34:29; Isaiah 8:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 29:2 - there; Psalm 31:3 - for thy; Psalm 80:1 - O Shepherd; Song of Solomon 1:7 - thou feedest; Isaiah 57:18 - will lead; Jeremiah 31:9 - I will; Jeremiah 50:6 - have forgotten; Ezekiel 34:15 - General; Hosea 2:18 - and will; Micah 5:4 - stand; Zephaniah 3:13 - they; John 10:3 - and leadeth

Verse 3

He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.
restoreth
19:7; *marg:; 51:10,12; 85:4-7; 119:176; Job 33:30; Jeremiah 32:37-42; Hosea 14:4-9; Micah 7:8,9,18,19; Luke 22:31,32; Revelation 3:19
leadeth
5:8; 34:3; 143:8-10; Proverbs 8:20; Isaiah 42:16; Jeremiah 31:8
for his
79:9; Ezekiel 20:14; Ephesians 1:6
Reciprocal: Psalm 25:9 - guide; Psalm 31:3 - for thy; Psalm 48:14 - guide; Psalm 119:10 - O let me; Psalm 119:35 - the path; Psalm 138:7 - Though I walk; Proverbs 2:8 - keepeth; Proverbs 4:11 - led; Jeremiah 30:17 - For I; John 10:3 - and leadeth

Verse 4

Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
through
44:19; Job 3:5; 10:21,22; 24:17; Jeremiah 2:6; Luke 1:79
I will
3:6; 27:1-4; 46:1-3; 118:6; 138:7; Isaiah 41:10; 1 Corinthians 15:55-57
for thou
14:5; 46:11; Isaiah 8:9,10; 43:1,2; Zechariah 8:23; Matthew 1:23; 28:20; Acts 18:9,10; 2 Timothy 4:22
thy rod
110:2; Micah 7:14; Zechariah 11:10,14
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:21 - the Lord; Job 13:15 - he slay me; Job 29:3 - by his light; Job 38:17 - the shadow; Psalm 46:2 - will; Psalm 48:14 - guide; Psalm 73:23 - Nevertheless; Psalm 91:15 - I will be; Proverbs 10:9 - that walketh; Proverbs 14:32 - the righteous; Isaiah 9:2 - in the land; Isaiah 35:8 - but it shall be for those; Isaiah 50:10 - that walketh; Jeremiah 38:28 - General; Zechariah 11:7 - staves; John 14:18 - will not

Verse 5

Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
preparest
22:26,29; 31:19,20; 104:15; Job 36:16; Isaiah 25:6; John 6:53-56; John 10:9,10; 16:22
thou anointest
Heb. makest fat.
45:7; 92:10; Amos 6:6; Matthew 6:17; 2 Corinthians 1:21; 1 John 2:20,27
my cup
16:5; 116:13; 1 Corinthians 10:16; Ephesians 3:20
Reciprocal: Exodus 27:20 - pure oil olive beaten; Exodus 37:29 - he made; Deuteronomy 28:40 - anoint thyself; Ruth 2:14 - was sufficed; Psalm 103:5 - satisfieth; Psalm 119:65 - dealt well; Proverbs 21:20 - oil; Isaiah 61:3 - the oil; Ezekiel 16:9 - anointed; Ezekiel 34:10 - for I will; Luke 7:46 - General; Luke 22:17 - took; Hebrews 1:9 - oil; Revelation 7:17 - feed

Verse 6

Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.
goodness
30:11,12; 36:7-10; 103:17; 2 Corinthians 1:10; 2 Timothy 4:18
and I
16:11; 17:15; 73:24-26; 2 Corinthians 5:1; Philippians 1:23
for ever
Heb. to length of days.
21:4 Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 1:22 - and there; Psalm 15:1 - Lord; Psalm 27:4 - dwell; Psalm 40:11 - let thy; Psalm 61:4 - abide; Psalm 65:4 - causest; Psalm 84:4 - Blessed; Psalm 90:14 - that we; Psalm 119:65 - dealt well; Psalm 140:13 - the upright; Luke 2:37 - which

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-23.html.