corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.09.22
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Psalms 74

 

 

Verse 1

Title. Maschil = Instruction. The ninth of thirteen so named. See note on Title, Psalm 32, and App-65of Asaph. The third of the twelve Asaph Psalms. See App-63. Not David"s Asaph, but a successor bearing the same name.

God. Hebrew Elohim. App-4.

why . . . ? Figure of speech. Erotesis. See App-6.

cast us off. Compare Psalms 43:2; Psalms 44:9.

smoke. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. Compare Psalms 18:8.

sheep of Thy pasture. Occurs frequently in the Asaph Psalms (Psalms 79:13); also in Jeremiah 23:1. Ezekiel 34:31.


Verse 2

congregation = assembly. The subject of Book II.

purchased = acquired as a possession. Hebrew. kanah. Compare Psalms 78:54.

of old = aforetime. Refers to Exodus 15:16.

rod = sceptre.

redeemed. Hebrew. ga"al. See note on Exodus 6:6.

This. Shows that the writer wrote while the scenes described were enacted. Compare Psalm 79 and Lamentations 2:1-9.

mount Zion. See App-68.


Verse 3

Lift up Thy feet unto = Hasten to [and see]. Compare Idiom (Genesis 29:1).

feet. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.

perpetual. Same word as "for ever", Psalms 74:1.


Verse 4

enemies = adversaries.

Thy congregations = Thine assembly.

their. Compare "our", Psalms 74:9.

ensigns for signs = signs as signs [for us].

signs. Same word as "ensigns" and "standard" in Num 2.


Verse 5

was = used to be [considered]. The contrast is with "now" in the next line.

Axes. Compare Jeremiah 46:22, Jeremiah 46:23.


Verse 7

cast fire into, &c. = cast Thy holy place into the fire.

sanctuary. Some codices, with three early printed editions, read "holy places" (plural)

dwelling place. Hebrew. mishkan. App-40(2).


Verse 8

together: or, at once.

synagogues = meeting-places. See note on "congregations", Psalms 74:4. This rendering comes from the Septuagint

GOD. Hebrew El. App-4.


Verse 9

signs: i.e. the signs of God"s presence and power, or miraculous signs. Compare "their" of Psalms 74:4 with "our", Psalms 74:9.

prophet. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for prophetic utterances.


Verse 10

how long . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. Compare Psalms 74:1. Figure of speech Ellipsis, "how long [this shall last]".


Verse 11

bosom. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6. Septuagint adds here "Selah". If this was in the primitive text, it marks the division of the Structure; and connects the conclusion of the prayer with the wonderful ground of the plea based upon it; which, with (Psalms 74:12) and (verses: Psalms 74:13-17) constitute the central members and subjects of the Psalm.


Verse 12

salvation = deliverances. Plural of majesty = great deliverance.

in the midst, &c. Compare Exodus 8:22. (Hebrew. Psalms 74:15).


Verse 13

divide = cleave. Compare Exodus 14:21, describing a sudden vehement act. Hebrew. parar.

dragons = crocodiles. (No Art.) Symbolical of Egypt.


Verse 14

people inhabiting = inhabitants: i.e. the wild beasts.


Verse 15

cleave = sunder, open a passage. Hebrew. baka".

fountain. Compare Exodus 17:6. Numbers 20:11. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, for the rook from which the water flowed. flood. Compare Joshua 3:13.


Verse 16

light. Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulg, read "moon".


Verse 18

LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

Thy name = Thee. See note on Psalms 20:1.


Verse 19

the soul = the life. Hebrew. nephesh.

multitude = company, or host; same word as "congregation" in next line.

poor = oppressed. Hebrew. "anah. See note on Proverbs 6:11.


Verse 20

the. Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "Thy".

covenant. Compare Genesis 15:18; Genesis 17:7, Genesis 17:8.

the earth: or the land.


Verse 21

the oppressed = an oppressed one. Same as Psalms 74:19.

return. Compare Psalms 6:10.

the poor and needy praise = a poor one, and a needy one will praise.


Verse 23

To the chief Musician. See App-64. Al-taschith = Destroy not. See App-65.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 74:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-74.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, September 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology