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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 74

Introduction

1The prophet complains of the desolation of the sanctuary.
10He moves God to help in consideration of his power;
18of his reproachful enemies, of his children, and of his covenant.

Verse 1

O God, why hast thou cast us off for ever? why doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588. (Title.) Maschil of Asaph. or, A Psalm for Asaph to give instruction
78:1; *title
O God
10:1; 42:9,11; 44:9; 60:1,10; 77:7; Jeremiah 31:37; 33:24-26; Romans 11:1,2
smoke
79:5; Deuteronomy 29:20
the sheep
79:13; 95:7; 100:3; Jeremiah 23:1; Ezekiel 34:8,31; Luke 12:32; John 10:26-30
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:11 - why doth; Deuteronomy 9:26 - which thou hast redeemed; Judges 10:7 - was hot; Judges 21:3 - why is; 1 Samuel 4:3 - Wherefore; 2 Samuel 22:16 - nostrils; 2 Samuel 24:17 - these sheep; 1 Chronicles 6:39 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 25:2 - Asaph; 2 Chronicles 36:16 - the wrath; Esther 1:12 - burned; Psalm 13:1 - How; Psalm 18:8 - went; Psalm 44:23 - cast; Psalm 68:10 - Thy congregation; Psalm 80:4 - be angry; Psalm 85:5 - angry; Psalm 106:40 - his own; Isaiah 5:5 - I will take; Isaiah 63:17 - Return; Isaiah 64:9 - wroth; Jeremiah 14:22 - vanities; Lamentations 5:20 - dost

Verse 2

Remember thy congregation, which thou hast purchased of old; the rod of thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed; this mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt.
purchased
Exodus 15:16; Deuteronomy 9:29; Acts 20:28
rod
or, tribe. thine.
33:12; 106:40; 135:4; Deuteronomy 4:20; 32:9; Jeremiah 10:16
redeemed
Isaiah 51:11; 62:12; Titus 2:14; Revelation 5:9
this mount
48:1,2; 78:68,69; 132:13,14
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:11 - why doth; Deuteronomy 9:26 - which thou hast redeemed; Deuteronomy 32:6 - hath bought; 2 Kings 21:7 - In this house; Nehemiah 1:10 - whom; Psalm 68:10 - Thy congregation; Psalm 79:1 - into; Psalm 100:3 - we are his; Isaiah 62:6 - make mention of the Lord; Isaiah 63:17 - Return; Isaiah 64:9 - wroth; Jeremiah 14:21 - remember; Jeremiah 14:22 - vanities; Jeremiah 50:11 - ye destroyers; Jeremiah 51:19 - the rod; Lamentations 5:18 - of the; Ezekiel 7:21 - General; Ephesians 1:14 - the redemption; 1 Peter 5:3 - heritage; Revelation 14:4 - redeemed; Revelation 20:9 - the camp

Verse 3

Lift up thy feet unto the perpetual desolations; even all that the enemy hath done wickedly in the sanctuary.
Lift
44:23,26; Joshua 10:24; 2 Samuel 22:39-43; Isaiah 10:6; 25:10; 63:3-6; Micah 1:3
the perpetual
102:13,14; Nehemiah 1:3; 2:3,13; Isaiah 64:10,11; Daniel 9:17; Micah 3:12; Luke 21:24; Revelation 11:2
all
79:1; Jeremiah 52:13; Lamentations 1:10; Daniel 8:11-14; 9:27; 11:31; Mark 11:17
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:31 - and bring; 2 Kings 25:9 - he burnt; Psalm 7:6 - lift up; Isaiah 25:5 - shalt bring; Isaiah 63:18 - our; Jeremiah 14:21 - disgrace; Jeremiah 51:11 - the vengeance; Jeremiah 51:51 - for strangers; Lamentations 2:7 - they have; Lamentations 5:18 - of the; Ezekiel 5:14 - I will; 1 Corinthians 3:17 - any

Verse 4

Thine enemies roar in the midst of thy congregations; they set up their ensigns for signs.
Thine
2 Chronicles 36:17; Lamentations 2:7; Luke 13:1; Revelation 13:6
they set
Jeremiah 6:1-5; Daniel 6:27; Matthew 24:15; Luke 21:20
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:28 - thy tumult; 2 Chronicles 36:19 - they burnt; Psalm 74:23 - tumult; Psalm 79:1 - the heathen; Psalm 83:2 - lo; Isaiah 37:29 - tumult; Lamentations 1:10 - seen

Verse 5

A man was famous according as he had lifted up axes upon the thick trees.
1 Kings 5:6; 2 Chronicles 2:14; Jeremiah 46:22,23
Reciprocal: Isaiah 64:11 - holy

Verse 6

But now they break down the carved work thereof at once with axes and hammers.
1 Kings 6:18,29,32,35
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 7:14 - as; Jeremiah 52:13 - burned

Verse 7

They have cast fire into thy sanctuary, they have defiled by casting down the dwelling place of thy name to the ground.
cast fire into thy sanctuary
Heb. sent thy sanctuary into the fire.
2 Kings 25:9; Isaiah 64:11; Matthew 22:7
defiled
89:39; Ezekiel 24:21
dwelling
Exodus 20:24; Deuteronomy 12:5; 1 Kings 8:20
Reciprocal: Psalm 79:1 - holy; Psalm 83:12 - General; Jeremiah 19:13 - defiled; Haggai 1:4 - and

Verse 8

They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them together: they have burned up all the synagogues of God in the land.
said
83:4; 137:7; Esther 3:8,9
destroy
Heb. break. all the synagogues.
2 Kings 2:3,5; 4:23; 2 Chronicles 17:9; Matthew 4:23
Reciprocal: Psalm 35:25 - say; Psalm 79:1 - holy; Psalm 83:12 - General; Psalm 94:5 - break; Psalm 124:3 - Then they; Lamentations 1:9 - for

Verse 9

We see not our signs: there is no more any prophet: neither is there among us any that knoweth how long.
We see
Exodus 12:13; 13:9,10; Judges 6:17; Ezekiel 20:12; Hebrews 2:4
no more
1 Samuel 3:1; Amos 8:11; Micah 3:6
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 28:6 - by prophets; 2 Kings 3:11 - Is there not here; Psalm 35:17 - how; Psalm 79:5 - How long; Psalm 86:17 - Show; Psalm 94:3 - Lord; Isaiah 3:2 - mighty; Isaiah 30:20 - yet shall; Lamentations 1:9 - for; Lamentations 2:9 - her prophets; Ezekiel 7:26 - but; Daniel 8:13 - How; Daniel 9:19 - defer; Daniel 12:6 - How long; Micah 2:6 - they shall not prophesy; Micah 3:7 - no; Habakkuk 1:2 - how; Revelation 6:10 - How

Verse 10

O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme thy name for ever?
13:1,2; 79:4,5; 89:46,50,51; Daniel 12:6; Revelation 6:10
Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:16 - blasphemeth; 2 Samuel 12:14 - by this deed; 2 Kings 19:14 - spread it; Psalm 7:9 - Oh; Psalm 10:13 - contemn; Psalm 35:17 - how; Psalm 89:41 - he is; Psalm 94:3 - Lord; Isaiah 6:11 - Lord; Isaiah 37:14 - and Hezekiah went; Isaiah 37:17 - hear; Isaiah 52:5 - my name; Isaiah 64:12 - General; Lamentations 5:1 - behold; Ezekiel 7:22 - face; Ezekiel 36:6 - General; Joel 2:17 - and give; Habakkuk 1:2 - how; Zechariah 1:12 - how; Titus 2:5 - that

Verse 11

Why withdrawest thou thy hand, even thy right hand? pluck it out of thy bosom.
withdrawest
Isaiah 64:12; Lamentations 2:3
pluck it out
As the outward habit of the easterns has no sleeves, the hands and arms are frequently covered with the folds of the robe; and, in order to do anything, the hand must be disentangled, and drawn out.
44:23; 78:65,66
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:6 - right hand; 1 Samuel 4:3 - Wherefore; 2 Kings 19:14 - spread it; Psalm 3:7 - Arise; Psalm 7:9 - Oh; Psalm 44:3 - thy right; Psalm 60:5 - save; Psalm 83:13 - O my; Proverbs 19:24 - General; Lamentations 5:1 - behold; Ezekiel 7:22 - face

Verse 12

For God is my King of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.
God
44:4; Exodus 19:5,6; Numbers 23:21,22; Isaiah 33:22
working
Exodus 15:2-15; Judges 4:23,24; 1 Samuel 19:5; Isaiah 63:8; Habakkuk 3:12-14
Reciprocal: Exodus 7:9 - a serpent; Exodus 8:22 - midst; 1 Samuel 12:12 - when the Lord; Psalm 5:2 - my King; Psalm 20:9 - let; Psalm 77:5 - General; Psalm 83:13 - O my; Isaiah 43:15 - the creator; Hosea 13:10 - I will be thy king; Acts 7:7 - the nation

Verse 13

Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength: thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters.
divide
Heb. break.
66:6; 78:13; 106:8,9; 136:13-18; Exodus 14:21; Nehemiah 9:11; Isaiah 11:15,16
brakest
Exodus 14:28; Isaiah 51:9,10; Ezekiel 29:3
dragons
or, whales.
Ezekiel 32:2
Reciprocal: Exodus 7:9 - a serpent; Exodus 15:10 - blow; Job 26:12 - divideth; Job 26:13 - the crooked serpent; Psalm 44:19 - in the; Psalm 106:21 - which; Psalm 148:7 - ye dragons; Isaiah 27:1 - the dragon; Isaiah 43:16 - maketh; Isaiah 51:15 - that divided; Jeremiah 31:35 - which divideth; Habakkuk 3:10 - the overflowing; Habakkuk 3:13 - thou woundedst

Verse 14

Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces, and gavest him to be meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness.
leviathan
104:25,26; Job 3:8; *marg:; Job 41:1-34; Isaiah 27:1; Revelation 20:2
meat
72:9; Exodus 12:35,36; 14:30; Numbers 14:9
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:10 - blow; Job 26:13 - the crooked serpent; Psalm 44:19 - in the; Psalm 106:21 - which; Psalm 148:7 - ye dragons; Isaiah 43:16 - maketh; Isaiah 51:9 - put; Ezekiel 29:3 - the great; Ezekiel 29:5 - I have; Ezekiel 32:2 - and thou art as; Ezekiel 32:4 - General; Habakkuk 3:13 - thou woundedst

Verse 15

Thou didst cleave the fountain and the flood: thou driedst up mighty rivers.
cleave
105:41; Exodus 17:5,6; Numbers 20:11; Isaiah 48:21
flood
Joshua 3:13-17; 2 Kings 2:8,14; Isaiah 11:16; 44:27; Habakkuk 3:9; *marg:; Revelation 16:12
mighty rivers
Heb. rivers of strength.
Reciprocal: Genesis 7:11 - all; Psalm 18:15 - channels; Psalm 114:3 - Jordan; Proverbs 21:1 - as; Nahum 1:4 - and drieth

Verse 16

The day is thine, the night also is thine: thou hast prepared the light and the sun.
The day
136:7-9; Genesis 1:3-5
prepared
8:3; 19:1-6; 136:7-9; Genesis 1:14-18; Matthew 5:45
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:5 - and; Genesis 1:16 - to rule; Genesis 8:22 - seedtime; Deuteronomy 4:19 - which the Lord; Deuteronomy 33:14 - the precious; Joshua 10:12 - Sun; Joshua 10:13 - So the sun; Job 38:12 - commanded; Psalm 19:2 - night unto; Psalm 65:8 - outgoings; Psalm 104:20 - makest; Psalm 139:9 - dwell; Jeremiah 31:35 - which giveth; Jeremiah 33:25 - and if; 2 Corinthians 4:6 - who

Verse 17

Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter.
set
24:1,2; Deuteronomy 32:8; Acts 17:26
made summer
Heb. made them summer.
Genesis 8:22; Acts 14:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:14 - Let there; Deuteronomy 4:19 - which the Lord; Joshua 10:13 - So the sun; Job 38:18 - General; Psalm 136:7 - General; Psalm 139:9 - dwell; Jeremiah 33:25 - and if

Verse 18

Remember this, that the enemy hath reproached, O LORD, and that the foolish people have blasphemed thy name.
Remember
22; 89:50,51; 137:7; Isaiah 62:6,7; *marg:; Revelation 16:19
the foolish
41:1; 39:8; 94:2-8; Deuteronomy 32:27; Isaiah 37:23,24; Ezekiel 20:14
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:12 - should; Leviticus 24:11 - blasphemed; Leviticus 24:16 - blasphemeth; Numbers 15:30 - reproacheth; Deuteronomy 32:6 - O foolish; Judges 16:28 - remember me; 1 Samuel 17:26 - reproach; 2 Kings 19:4 - reprove; 2 Kings 19:6 - the servants; Job 7:7 - remember; Psalm 10:13 - contemn; Psalm 13:2 - enemy; Psalm 44:16 - For the; Psalm 79:12 - wherewith; Psalm 79:13 - we will; Psalm 139:20 - for they speak; Isaiah 52:5 - my name; Isaiah 64:12 - General; Jeremiah 14:21 - remember; Jeremiah 51:51 - are confounded; Lamentations 3:61 - General; Ezekiel 7:22 - face; Ezekiel 36:6 - General; Ezekiel 36:21 - General; Joel 2:17 - and give

Verse 19

O deliver not the soul of thy turtledove unto the multitude of the wicked: forget not the congregation of thy poor for ever.
turtle-dove
68:13; Song of Solomon 2:14; 4:1; 6:9; Isaiah 60:8; Matthew 10:16
forget
68:10; 72:2; Zephaniah 3:12; James 2:5,6
Reciprocal: Psalm 44:24 - forgettest; Psalm 94:5 - break; Isaiah 64:12 - General

Verse 20

Have respect unto the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruelty.
Have
89:28,34-36,39; 105:8; 106:45; Genesis 17:7,8; Exodus 24:6-8; Leviticus 26:40-45; Deuteronomy 9:27; 2 Samuel 23:5; Jeremiah 33:20-26; Luke 1:72-75; Hebrews 8:10
the dark
Deuteronomy 12:31; Romans 1:29-31; Ephesians 4:17,18
habitations
5:8; Genesis 49:5-7
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 6:19 - Have respect; 2 Chronicles 36:17 - who slew; Psalm 94:5 - break; Jeremiah 14:21 - disgrace; Jeremiah 50:42 - they are cruel; Acts 27:42 - General; Ephesians 5:8 - ye were

Verse 21

O let not the oppressed return ashamed: let the poor and needy praise thy name.
O let not
9:18; 12:5; 102:19-21; 109:22; Isaiah 45:17
poor
102:21; Ezra 3:11; Jeremiah 33:11
Reciprocal: Psalm 67:3 - General

Verse 22

Arise, O God, plead thine own cause: remember how the foolish man reproacheth thee daily.
Arise
9:19,20; 79:9,10
remember
18; 75:4,5; 89:50,51; Isaiah 52:5
Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:11 - blasphemed; Numbers 15:30 - reproacheth; 2 Kings 19:22 - Whom; Job 7:7 - remember; Psalm 7:9 - Oh; Psalm 12:5 - oppression; Psalm 44:16 - For the; Psalm 79:13 - we will; Psalm 94:2 - Lift; Psalm 115:1 - unto us; Psalm 139:20 - for they speak; Isaiah 37:17 - hear; Lamentations 1:9 - for; Mark 9:12 - set; 2 Thessalonians 1:6 - General; Hebrews 10:33 - by reproaches

Verse 23

Forget not the voice of thine enemies: the tumult of those that rise up against thee increaseth continually.
Forget
10:11,12; 13:1
tumult
4; 2:1,2; Isaiah 37:29; Lamentations 2:16; Revelation 17:14
increaseth
Heb. ascendeth.
Jonah 1:2 Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:6 - the servants; 2 Kings 19:22 - Whom; 2 Kings 19:28 - thy tumult; Psalm 7:9 - Oh; Psalm 9:19 - Arise; Psalm 44:16 - For the; Psalm 44:24 - forgettest; Psalm 83:2 - lo; Psalm 139:20 - for they speak; Isaiah 37:23 - Whom hast; Isaiah 52:5 - my name; Lamentations 1:9 - for; Ezekiel 36:6 - General; 2 Thessalonians 1:6 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 74". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-74.html.