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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Psalms 84

 

 

Verse 1

Title. A Psalm. Hebrew. mismor. See App-65.

for the sons of Korah = of, &c. The seventh of nine so ascribed. See note on Psalm 42, and App-63.

How . . . ! Figure of speech. Ecphdnlsis. App-6.

amiable = beloved.

tabernacles = habitations. Hebrew. mishkan (App-40). Perhaps referring to the Mosaic (at Gibeon), and the Davidic (on Zion).

LORD of hosts. Hebrew. Jehovah Sabaioth. App-4. See note on 1 Samuel 1:3.


Verse 2

My soul longeth = I, even I myself, long. Hebrew. nephesh (App-13), for emphasis. courts. Corresponding with "altars" (Psalms 84:3). See the Structure.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

GOD. Hebrew El. App-4.


Verse 3

Yea, the sparrow, &c. These two lines are placed within a parenthesis.

sparrow: or bird.

nest. Not in the altars. See note below.

Even Thine altars. Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6. Supply it by repeating the verb "found" from preceding clause = "[Even so have I found] Thine altars", &c. Nothing has "dropped out" from the text.

altars: i.e. the two altars; the brazen altar of burnt offering, and the golden altar of incense. Birds could not build their nests in these! These have no reference to the times of the Maccabees, but to Exodus 27:1, and Exodus 30:1. Compare Numbers 3:31.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.


Verse 4

Blessed. Compare verses: Psalms 84:5, Psalms 84:12. See App-63. Figure of speech Benedictio. App-6.

still praising. Compare 1 Chronicles 9:33.

Selah. Connecting the dwellers in, and the approaches to, the House of Jehovah, with the common blessedness of all true worshippers. See App-66.


Verse 5

man: i.e. any one; not priest or Levite merely. Hebrew. "adam.

are the ways of them. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis, "in whose heart are [Thy] highways" [leading thereunto].


Verse 6

of Baca = of weeping. All the ancient versions so render it.

make it. Septuagint reads "He maketh it".

a well = a place of springs.

rain = the early rain.


Verse 7

Every one of them in Zion appeareth before God = he appeareth before God in Zion. Note the singular, "he appeareth": i.e. "the man" of Psalms 84:5. The valley of Baca thus becomes the valley of Berachah (or blessing), 2 Chronicles 20:26.


Verse 8

God of Jacob. Not Israel, but the God (Elohim) Who met Jacob when he had nothing and deserved nothing (but wrath), and promised him everything: thus becoming "the God of all grace".

Selah. Connecting the request for audience with the words of the prayer, and dividing the Psalm, structurally, into its two parts.


Verse 9

shield: i.e. God"s provision in Messiah. He is our Shield (Genesis 15:1). Faith"s shield (Ephesians 6:16). This shield includes: (1) Favour (Psalms 5:12); (2) Salvation (Psalms 18:35); (3) Truth (Psalms 91:4). And "Favour" includes Life (Psalms 30:5); Mercy (Isaiah 60:10); Preservation (Psalms 86:2); Security (Psalms 41:11); Remembrance and Salvation (Psalms 106:4). Compare Psalms 115:9-11.

Thine Anointed = Thy Messiah. Not on us.


Verse 10

than a thousand. Supply Ellipsis by adding "[elsewhere]".

be a doorkeeper = to stand at the threshold.

tents = habitations.

wickedness = lawlessness.


Verse 11

is a sun. Figure of speech Metaphor. The only occurrence, in the Psalms, of this metaphor. It is used of Messiah, Malachi 4:2

grace and glory. Not the former without the latter (Romans 8:29, Romans 8:30). The former is the flower, the latter the fruit.

No good thing, &c. Figure of speech Tapeinosis = every good thing, beyond all mention, will He give.


Verse 12

trusteth = places his confidence. Hebrew. batah. App-69.

To the chief Musician. App-64.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 84:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-84.html. 1909-1922.

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Tuesday, January 28th, 2020
the Third Week after Epiphany
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