Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 84

Introduction

1The prophet, longing for the communion of the sanctuary,
4shews how blessed they are that dwell therein.
8He prays to be restored unto it.

Verse 1

How amiable are thy tabernacles, O LORD of hosts!
A. M. 3469. B.C. 535. (Title.) Gittith
8:1; 81:1; *titles
A Psalm
Some suppose this Psalm was composed by David when driven from Jerusalem by Absalom's rebellion: but it is more probable that it was written at the foundation of the second temple.
for
or, of.
How
36:8; 27:4; 48:1,2; 87:2,3; 122:1; Hebrews 9:23,24; Revelation 21:2,3,22,23
O Lord
103:20,21; 1 Kings 22:19; Nehemiah 9:6; Isaiah 6:2,3
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - Unto;  Exodus 6:24 - Korah;  Numbers 16:32 - all the;  2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring;  1 Chronicles 6:37 - Korah;  1 Chronicles 29:3 - I have set;  Psalm 26:8 - Lord;  Psalm 42:1 - the sons;  Psalm 84:10 - For;  Psalm 122:9 - the house;  Psalm 137:5 - I forget;  Isaiah 38:22 - What;  Isaiah 66:10 - all ye that love;  Ezekiel 24:21 - the desire;  Zephaniah 3:18 - sorrowful

Verse 2

My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the LORD: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
soul
42:1,2; 63:1,2; 73:26; 119:20,81; 143:6; Song of Solomon 2:4,5; 5:8
heart
Job 23:3; Isaiah 26:9; 64:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - Unto;  Genesis 34:8 - The soul;  Exodus 38:9 - the court;  Deuteronomy 5:26 - living;  Deuteronomy 12:20 - I will;  2 Samuel 13:39 - longed;  Psalm 26:8 - Lord;  Psalm 84:10 - For;  Psalm 122:1 - was glad;  Psalm 122:9 - the house;  Psalm 137:5 - I forget;  Song of Solomon 8:6 - love;  Isaiah 26:8 - desire;  Isaiah 38:22 - What;  Isaiah 58:13 - call;  Jeremiah 10:10 - the living;  Zephaniah 3:18 - sorrowful;  Matthew 5:6 - are;  2 Corinthians 3:3 - the living;  Philippians 3:12 - I follow;  1 Thessalonians 1:9 - the living;  1 Timothy 3:15 - the living;  Hebrews 12:22 - of the

Verse 3

Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O LORD of hosts, my King, and my God.
Yea, etc
Or, rather, "Even as the sparrow findeth a house, and the swallow (deror, or the ring-dove, according to some, but probably the bird which Forskal mentions among the migratory birds of Alexandria, by the name of dururi) a nest for herself where she may lay her young, (so I seek) thine altars, O Jehovah, God of hosts, my King and my God." That is, as nature inclines birds to seek and prepare their nests, so grace has taught me to desire thy altars, and to worship there.
sparrow
90:1; 91:1; 116:7; Matthew 8:20; 23:37
Reciprocal: Psalm 104:12 - the fowls;  Luke 9:58 - Foxes

Verse 4

Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will be still praising thee. Selah.
Blessed
23:6; 27:4; 65:4; 134:1-3
they will
71:8,15; 145:1,2,21; Isaiah 12:4,5; Revelation 7:15
Reciprocal: Psalm 15:1 - Lord;  Psalm 42:2 - when;  Luke 2:37 - which

Verse 5

Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them.
strength
28:7,8; Isaiah 45:24; Zechariah 10:12; 2 Corinthians 12:9; Philippians 4:13
in whose
40:8; 42:4; 55:14; Isaiah 26:9; Jeremiah 31:33; 50:4,5; Micah 4:2
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 18:6 - and come with;  2 Chronicles 11:16 - And after;  Psalm 8:2 - strength;  Psalm 86:16 - give;  Jeremiah 31:21 - set thine;  Hosea 14:9 - and the

Verse 6

Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also filleth the pools.
Who
66:10-12; John 16:33; Acts 14:22; Romans 5:3-5; 8:37; 2 Corinthians 4:17; Revelation 7:14
Baca, etc
or, mulberry-trees, make him a well, etc. Baca is probably a large shrub, which the Arabs still call baca, (see on 2 Sa 5:23;) and this valley, as Celsius observes, seems to be one "embarrassed with [such] bushes and thorns, which could not be passed without labour and tears,"--bacah, as 7 MSS., Aquila, and Vulgate read.
2 Samuel 5:22-24
the rain
68:9; 2 Kings 3:9-20
filleth
Heb. covereth.
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 3:17 - Ye shall not

Verse 7

They go from strength to strength, every one of them in Zion appeareth before God.
They
Job 17:9; Proverbs 4:18; Isaiah 40:31; John 15:2; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 2 Peter 3:18
strength to strength
Heb. company to company.
Luke 2:24
in Zion
43:3; Deuteronomy 16:16; Isaiah 46:13; Jeremiah 31:6; Zechariah 14:16; John 6:39; 14:3; 1 Thessalonians 4:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:10 - two bands;  Exodus 23:17 - GeneralExodus 34:23 - Thrice;  Deuteronomy 31:11 - to appear;  2 Samuel 3:1 - David waxed;  2 Chronicles 30:13 - there assembled;  Psalm 29:11 - give;  Psalm 122:2 - GeneralProverbs 10:29 - way;  Proverbs 24:5 - increaseth strength;  Isaiah 35:10 - and come;  Jeremiah 50:5 - ask;  Ezekiel 46:9 - come before;  Hosea 14:9 - and the;  Acts 9:22 - increased;  Romans 3:3 - faith;  2 Thessalonians 1:3 - your

Verse 9

Behold, O God our shield, and look upon the face of thine anointed.
our
11; 98:1; Genesis 15:1; Deuteronomy 33:29
the face
2:2,6; *marg:; 89:20; 1 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 23:1; 2 Chronicles 6:42; Acts 4:27
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:3 - shield;  Psalm 89:38 - wroth;  Psalm 132:10 - turn not;  Isaiah 10:27 - because

Verse 10

For a day in thy courts is better than a thousand. I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.
For
1,2; 27:4; 43:3,4; 63:2; Luke 2:46; Romans 8:5,6; Philippians 3:20
I had, etc
Heb. I would choose rather to sit at the threshold.
James 2:3
to dwell
17:14,15; 26:8-10; 141:4,5
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - Unto;  Exodus 27:9 - the court;  Exodus 38:9 - the court;  Deuteronomy 18:6 - and come with;  2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring;  2 Kings 12:9 - door;  2 Kings 22:4 - the keepers;  1 Chronicles 9:19 - gates;  1 Chronicles 15:23 - General1 Chronicles 16:42 - musical instruments;  1 Chronicles 29:3 - I have set;  2 Chronicles 9:7 - GeneralNehemiah 11:19 - that kept;  Psalm 42:2 - when;  Psalm 73:28 - But;  Psalm 118:24 - we will;  Psalm 122:1 - was glad;  Psalm 122:9 - the house;  Psalm 137:5 - I forget;  Psalm 137:6 - if I prefer;  Proverbs 8:34 - watching;  Song of Solomon 2:4 - brought;  Isaiah 38:22 - What;  Isaiah 58:13 - call;  Jeremiah 35:4 - the keeper;  Jeremiah 52:24 - door;  Ezekiel 40:6 - threshold;  Mark 9:5 - it is;  Luke 2:37 - which;  Luke 15:19 - make;  Luke 18:30 - manifold more;  Hebrews 11:25 - Choosing

Verse 11

For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
a sun
27:1; Isaiah 60:19,20; Malachi 4:2; John 1:9; 8:12; Revelation 21:23
shield
9; 3:3; 47:9; 115:9-11; 119:114; Genesis 15:1; Proverbs 2:7
the Lord
John 1:16; Romans 8:16-18; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 4:17; Philippians 1:6
no
34:9,10; 85:12; Matthew 6:33; Philippians 4:19
walk
15:2; Proverbs 2:7; 10:9; 28:6,18; Micah 2:7; Galatians 2:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:8 - GeneralGenesis 20:6 - withheld;  Genesis 49:25 - with blessings;  Deuteronomy 18:2 - the Lord;  Deuteronomy 33:14 - the precious;  Deuteronomy 33:29 - the shield;  2 Samuel 12:8 - I would;  2 Samuel 17:29 - to eat;  2 Samuel 22:3 - shield;  2 Samuel 22:24 - upright;  2 Samuel 22:29 - lamp;  2 Samuel 22:36 - the shield;  1 Kings 3:13 - And I:1 Chronicles 5:20 - because;  Job 1:8 - upright;  Job 17:9 - hold on;  Job 22:25 - the Almighty;  Job 29:3 - by his light;  Psalm 4:5 - put;  Psalm 5:12 - shield;  Psalm 7:10 - My;  Psalm 18:30 - a buckler;  Psalm 19:13 - upright;  Psalm 23:1 - I shall;  Psalm 28:7 - shield;  Psalm 34:22 - none;  Psalm 40:4 - Blessed;  Psalm 59:11 - our shield;  Psalm 73:1 - God;  Psalm 73:24 - receive;  Psalm 89:18 - the Lord is;  Psalm 106:3 - Blessed;  Psalm 125:4 - upright;  Proverbs 2:21 - GeneralProverbs 30:5 - pure;  Ecclesiastes 11:7 - a pleasant;  Isaiah 10:17 - the light;  Daniel 3:28 - that trusted;  Daniel 6:22 - forasmuch;  Micah 7:8 - the Lord;  Nahum 1:7 - strong hold;  Matthew 7:11 - good;  Mark 10:30 - an hundredfold;  Luke 12:31 - GeneralJohn 1:4 - the life;  Romans 8:31 - If;  Romans 8:32 - how;  2 Corinthians 6:10 - and;  2 Corinthians 9:8 - God;  1 Timothy 4:8 - having;  1 Timothy 6:6 - godliness;  1 Timothy 6:17 - but;  Titus 2:11 - the grace;  Hebrews 10:22 - a true;  James 1:17 - from the;  2 Peter 1:3 - all;  1 John 1:5 - that God;  1 John 2:8 - and the;  Revelation 12:1 - clothed;  Revelation 22:5 - no night

Verse 12

O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.
blessed
2:12; 34:8; 62:8; 146:5,6; Isaiah 30:18; 50:10; Jeremiah 17:7,8 Reciprocal: 1 Kings 3:13 - And I:2 Kings 18:5 - trusted;  1 Chronicles 5:20 - because;  Psalm 1:1 - Blessed;  Psalm 4:5 - put;  Psalm 16:1 - for;  Psalm 18:30 - a buckler;  Psalm 32:1 - Blessed;  Psalm 32:10 - but;  Psalm 34:22 - none;  Psalm 40:4 - Blessed;  Psalm 89:8 - O Lord;  Psalm 106:3 - Blessed;  Proverbs 28:25 - he that putteth;  Isaiah 57:13 - but he;  Jeremiah 39:18 - because;  Lamentations 3:24 - therefore;  Daniel 3:28 - that trusted;  Nahum 1:7 - that;  Haggai 2:19 - from;  Matthew 5:3 - Blessed;  Matthew 6:33 - and all;  Romans 8:31 - If;  1 Timothy 4:10 - because;  1 Timothy 6:17 - but

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 84". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-84.html.