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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Romans 4



Other Authors
Verse 1

What, &c. See Romans 3:5. Forcible form of Figure of speech Erotesis (App-6). Resuming from Romans 3:21.

father = forefather, as the texts read. Figure of speech Synecdoche of Species, App-6.

as pertaining to. Greek. kata. App-104.

the flesh. All the Jews claimed Abraham as their father, See Romans 9:5. Luke 1:73. John 8:39 (Compare Romans 4:56). Acts 7:2.

Verse 2

if App-118.

justified. App-191.

by. Greek. ek. App-104.

glory. Greek. kauchema. See Romans 3:27 and 2 Corinthians 9:3.

not. App-105.

before. Greek. pros. App-104.

God. App-98.

Verse 3

the Scripture. Genesis 15:6.

Abraham. Read, "Now Abraham. "

believed. App-150. counted = reckoned, imputed. Greek. logizomai. See Romans 2:3 (Paul quotes the Septuagint)

unto = to.

righteousness. App-191.

Verse 4

reckoned. Same as "counted", Romans 4:3.

grace. App-184.

debt. Greek. opheilema. Only here and Matthew 6:12.

Verse 5

believeth. App-150.

ungodly = impious. Greek. asebes. Here, Romans 5:6. 1 Timothy 1:9. 1 Peter 4:18. 2 Peter 2:5; 2 Peter 3:7. Jude 1:15. Compare App-128.

faith. App-150.

Verse 6

describeth = says of.

blessedness. Greek. makarismos. Here, Romans 4:9. Galatians 1:4, Galatians 1:15.

man. App-123.

imputeth. Same as "count", Romans 4:3.

without = apart from. See Romans 3:21.

Verse 7

Blessed. App-63.

iniquities. App-128.

forgiven. App-174.

sins. App-128.

covered = covered over. Greek. epikalupto. Only here.

Verse 8

LORD. App-98.

not. App-105. Quoted from Psalms 32:1, Psalms 32:2. App-107.

Verse 9

Cometh, &c. = This blessing, then, is it?

Verse 11

sign. App-176.

being uncircumcised = in (Greek. en) uncircumcision.

that, &c. = unto (App-104.) his being.

them, &c. Literally of all the believing (ones). App-150.

though, &c. = through (App-104. Romans 4:1) uncircumcision.

also. Omit.

Verse 12

walk. Greek. stoicheo. See Acts 21:24.

steps. Greek. ichnos. Only here, 2 Corinthians 12:18. 1 Peter 2:21.

Verse 13

For, &c. The Greek reads, "For not through law was the promise. "Compare Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:18.

heir. Compare Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:29 and Hebrews 11:8-10.

world. App-129.

through. App-104. Romans 4:1.

Verse 14

the. Omit.

is made void = Literally has been emptied. Greek. kenoo. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 1:17; 1 Corinthians 9:15. 2 Corinthians 9:3. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:7.

made of none effect. Greek. katargeo. See Romans 3:3.

Verse 15

worketh. See Romans 1:27.

for. The texts read "but".

no = not. App-105.

no = neither. Greek. oude.

transgression. See Romans 2:23.

Verse 16

Therefore = On account of (App-104. Romans 4:2) this.

of faith. See Romans 1:17.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

by. Greek. kata. App-104.

to the end. Greek. eis. App-104.

might = may.

sure. Greek. bebaios. Here, 2 Corinthians 1:7. Hebrews 2:2; Hebrews 3:6, Hebrews 3:14; Hebrews 6:19; Hebrews 9:17. 2 Peter 1:10, 2 Peter 1:19.

all the seed. To every child of faithful Abraham, Jew and Gentile alike.

of the faith. See Romans 1:17.

Verse 17

written. Genesis 17:5.

made = set, appointed. Greek. tithemi.

believed. App-150.

quickeneth = maketh alive. Greek. zoopoieo. Here, Romans 8:11. John 5:21; John 6:63. 1 Corinthians 15:22, 1 Corinthians 15:36, 1 Corinthians 15:45; 2 Corinthians 3:6. Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:21. 1 Timothy 6:13. 1Ti 6:1 Pet.

the dead. App-139.

calleth, &c. Primarily of Isaac. Compare Gen 15.

Verse 18

against. App-104.

believed in. App-150.

the. Omit.

nations. Greek. ethnos. See Romans 1:5.

according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

So, &c. Quoted from Genesis 15:5.

Verse 19

being, &c. Figure of speech Tapeinosis. App-6. See this Figure of speech in Romans 5:6 also.

considered. App-133.

not. The texts omit.

now = already.

dead. Greek. nekroo. See Colossians 3:5. Hebrews 11:12.

when he was = be being. Greek. huparcho. See Luke 9:48.

an hundred years old. Greek. hekatontaetes. Only here.

neither yet = and.

deadness. Greek. nekrosis. Only here and 2 Corinthians 4:10.

Verse 20

staggered. Greek. diakrino. App-122. Compare Matthew 21:21.

through = by.

was strong. Greek. endunamoo. See Acts 9:22.

glory. See Romans 1:23 and John 1:14.

Verse 21

fully persuaded. Greek. plerophoreo. Occurances, Romans 14:5. Luke 1:1. 2 Timothy 4:5, 2 Timothy 4:17.

also, &c. = to perform also.

Verse 22

And therefore = Wherefore also.

Verse 23

for his sake = on account of him.

Verse 24

for us = on account of us.

shall = is about to.

if we believe = to (us) believing.

the dead. App-.

Verse 25

delivered. See John 19:30.

offences. App-128.

again. Omit.

justification = justifying. App-191.


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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 4:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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