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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Zechariah 3

 

 

Verse 1

shewed one. This is the fourth of the eight visions. See the Structure, p. 1281.

Joshua. See note on Haggai 1:1.

standing. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for ministering.

the angel. See note on Zechariah 1:9.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

Satan . . . to resist him. Note the Figure of speech Paronomasia (App-6). Hebrew. hassatan . . . lesitno = the Adversary . . . to be an adversary; or, the Accuser . . . to accuse him, &c.

Satan Accuser, or Opposer. See Numbers 22:22, Numbers 22:32. 1 Chronicles 21:1. Job 1:6, Job 1:7, Job 1:8, Job 1:12, &c.

at his right hand. Compare Psalms 109:6. Job 30:12.

to resist him = to be his adversary. Compare Numbers 22:32, 1 Samuel 29:4, 1 Samuel 29:4, 1 Samuel 19:22. 1 Kings 5:4; 1 Kings 11:14, 1 Kings 11:23, 1 Kings 11:25.


Verse 2

rebuke thee. Compare Jude 1:9.

hath chosen = bath now and heretofore chosen.

is not this . . . ? i.e. have I not plucked, &c. Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

a brand, &c. Compare Amos 4:11.


Verse 3

was = had come to be. Compare Genesis 1:2.

filthy. A symbol of the defiling nature of sin. Compare Proverbs 30:12. Isaiah 4:4, &c.


Verse 4

those that stood, &c. : i.e. the ministering spirits who waited on Him. Compare Deuteronomy 1:38. 1 Samuel 16:21. 1 Kings 10:8.

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

iniquity. Hebrew. aven. App-44.

from thee = from upon thee, or from off thee. Compare 2 Samuel 12:13; 2 Samuel 24:10. Job 7:21.

I will clothe = I have caused thee to be clothed.

change of raiment = rich or costly garments: i.e. robes of state, or of righteousness.


Verse 5

And I said = Then said I(i.e. the prophet); but some codices, with Syriac and Vulgate, read "then said He".

Let them set. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 29:6). App-92.

fair = clean, or pure.

mitre = turban. See Exodus 28:37.

stood by: i.e. while this was being done.


Verse 6

protested = solemnly affirmed, or testified. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 43:3. Deuteronomy 8:19. Compare Jeremiah 11:7.


Verse 7

the Lord of hosts. See note on Zechariah 1:3 and on 1 Samuel 1:3.

if thou wilt keep, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 8:35). App-92.

judge My house, &c. = govern My house. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 17:9). App-92.

places to walk = free access, or right of way.

these that stand by: i.e. the attendant angels of Psalms 103:21. Compare 1 Kings 22:19. 1 Timothy 5:21.

by: i.e. in My presence.


Verse 8

fellows = colleagues.

men wondered at = men of sign: i.e. men to serve as signs [of One greater].

men. Hebrew, plural of "enosh. App-14.

My Servant the BRANCH: i.e. Messiah,

the BRANCH. Compare Isaiah 4:2. Jeremiah 23:5, Jeremiah 23:6; Jeremiah 33:15. Jeremiah 6:12. Hebrew zemiah. Not the same word as in Isaiah 11:1, or Psalms 80:15, Psalms 80:17. See notes on p, 1304.

BRANCH. See App-48.


Verse 9

upon = fixed upon; as in Deuteronomy 11:12. Compare 1 Kings 9:3. Ezra 5:5.

one stone: or, every stone.

seven eyes = seven pairs of eyes. Watching and caring for. Compare Zechariah 4:10.

saith the LORD of hosts = [is] tho oracle of Jehovah Sabaioth.

in one day. Compare Isaiah 66:5-9


Verse 10

that day: i.e. the day of Messiah.

call = call in . . . under: i.e. invite to sit down and feast.

every man. Hebrew Ish. App-14.

the = his own; as in Micah 4:4.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Zechariah 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/zechariah-3.html. 1909-1922.

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Monday, May 25th, 2020
the Seventh Week after Easter
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