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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Zechariah 4

Verse 1

angel. See note on Zechariah 1:9 .

man. Heb, 'ish. App-14 .

Verse 2

What seest thou? The fifth vision.

I said. Heb, text reads "he". Some codices, with four early printed editions, are without the Hebrew margin, "I"

behold . Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .

candlestick = a single seven-branched lampstand, as in the Tabernacle and in the second Temple (1 Macc. 1.21; 4.49; as seen in the Arch of Titus, in Rome). The reference is to the Pentateuch (Exodus 25:31 ); not to Solomon's Temple, in which there were ten separate lampstands (1 Kings 7:49 ). Compare Jeremiah 52:19 . App-92 .

and his seven lamps. Reference to Pentateuch (Ex, Zec 25:37 ).

seven pipes . This looks forward to the future, as described in Revelation 11:3-12 .

Verse 4

my lord. Hebrew 'adon. See App-4 .

Verse 6

the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

might = might [of man].

nor = and not.

power = power [of flesh].

but by , &c. i.e. as in the lampstand the oil flowed silently, without help from man,

Spirit. Hebrew. ruach App-9 .

the LORD of hosts. See note on Zechariah 1:3 .

Verse 7

O great mountain? Add, by supplying the Ellip sis ( App-6 ), "[that standest in the way of Zerubbebel? ]"

Verse 9

The hands, &c. Here is the explanation of the vision.

thou shalt know . Some codices, with Aramaean, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "ye shall know".

Verse 10

plummet. Hebrew stone of tin = tin weight used as a plummet,

with those seven = these seven [lamps which thou seest these [are] the eyes", &c.; as in Zechariah 3:9 .

Verse 12

empty the golden oil out of themselves = empty out of themselves [and fill] the golden [bowls],

Verse 14

the two anointed ones . Heb, the two sons of oil; looking forward again to the future, to "the two witnesses" of Revelation 11:3-13 .

the Lord of the whole earth. The Hebrew adon App-4 ., is here specially associated with Messiah's dominion in the earth. Compare Zechariah 6:5 ; Zechariah 14:9 . Joshua 3:11-13 .Psalms 8:1 , Psalms 8:6 , Psalms 8:9 ; Psalms 97:5 .Micah 4:13 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Zechariah 4". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/zechariah-4.html. 1909-1922.