corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.20.07.06
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible
2 Chronicles 13

 

 

Verses 1-22


Reign of Abijah

This chapter expands the account given of Abijah (Abijam) in 1 Kings 15:1-8 by giving details of his war with Jeroboam, which is there only briefly mentioned.

2. Michaiah] In 2 Chronicles 11:21 and 1 Kings 15:2 she is called 'Maachah,' and was probably daughter of Uriel and granddaughter of Absalom.

3. Four hundred thousand, etc.] These numbers (see also 2 Chronicles 13:17) are in keeping with the large figures that appear elsewhere in Chronicles: see 2 Chronicles 14:8-9; 2 Chronicles 17:14-18.

4. Zemaraim] Possibly a hill near the place of the same name in Benjamin: Joshua 18:22.

5. A covenant of salt] cp. Numbers 18:19. The use of salt in connexion with sacrifice (see Leviticus 2:13) probably arose from its association with a meal; and 'there is salt between us' is said to be a phrase still employed to denote the bond which secures, for any one who has partaken of an Arab's hospitality, protection and (in case of need) assistance.

7. Children of Belial] i.e. worthless persons.

Young] That Rehoboam was young when the Ten Tribes revolted is implied in 2 Chronicles 10:8, though in 2 Chronicles 12:13 his age is given as 41.

8. The kingdom of the Lord] The high prerogative that once belonged to all Israel (1 Chronicles 28:5; 2 Chronicles 9:8) was now confined to Judah.

9. After the manner, etc.] The LXX has 'out of the people of all the land,' which agrees with the true sense of 1 Kings 12:31.

12. Sounding trumpets] cp. Numbers 10:9; Numbers 31:6.

19. Jeshanah.. Ephrain] The first is not known, the second is identified by some with the 'Ephraim' mentioned in John 11:54.

20. The mention of Jeroboam's death here is chronologically out of place, since he outlived Abijah.

22. In the story] RV 'in the commentary.' The original term ('midrash') meant the didactic treatment of a subject or narrative; and in the 'midrash' of Iddo the reign of Abijah was presumably related with a view to moral instruction rather than historic accuracy. Possibly the account of Abijah's speech in 2 Chronicles 13:4-12 has been taken from it: contrast 1 Kings 15:3.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Dummelow, John. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 13:4". "John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcb/2-chronicles-13.html. 1909.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, July 6th, 2020
the Week of Proper 9 / Ordinary 14
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology