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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 13

Introduction

Overview

2 Chronicles 13:1, Abijah succeeding makes war against Jeroboam; 2 Chronicles 13:4, He declares the right of his cause; 2 Chronicles 13:13, Trusting in God, he overcomes Jeroboam; 2 Chronicles 13:21, The wives and children of Abijah.

Verse 1

am 3046-3049, bc 958-955

in the eighteenth: 2 Chronicles 12:16, 1 Kings 15:1-Ruth :

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 3:10 - Abia

Verse 2

Michaiah: 2 Chronicles 11:20, Maachah the daughter of Absalom, 1 Kings 15:2, Abishalom

Gibeah: Joshua 18:28, Gibeath, Judges 19:14, Judges 19:16, 1 Samuel 10:26, am 3047, bc 957

And there was: 1 Kings 15:6, 1 Kings 15:7

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 14:19 - how he warred 1 Kings 15:10 - mother's

Verse 3

set: Heb. bound together, 1 Samuel 17:1-Leviticus :

four hundred: 2 Chronicles 11:1, 2 Chronicles 14:8, 2 Chronicles 17:14-Job :, 2 Chronicles 26:12, 2 Chronicles 26:13, 1 Chronicles 21:5

eight hundred: 2 Chronicles 14:9

Reciprocal: Numbers 1:46 - General 1 Kings 15:6 - there was war 1 Kings 15:7 - there was war 1 Chronicles 19:9 - put the battle 2 Chronicles 13:17 - five hundred

Verse 4

Zemaraim: Zemaraim could not be, as some have supposed, the same as the hill of Samaria, שמרון [Strong's H8111], so called from Shemer, in the days of Omri; but was probably a hill on the confines of Ephraim, near Zemaraim, a city of Benjamin, near Bethel. Genesis 10:18, Joshua 18:22

Hear me: 2 Chronicles 15:2, Judges 9:7

Reciprocal: Isaiah 40:9 - get Jeremiah 31:6 - upon

Verse 5

Ought ye not: Nehemiah 5:9, Proverbs 1:29, 2 Peter 3:5

the Lord: Judges 11:21-Jeremiah :, Jeremiah 27:5-Judges :, Daniel 4:25-Jonah :, Daniel 5:18

to David: 1 Samuel 16:1, 1 Samuel 16:12, 2 Samuel 7:12-Nehemiah :, 1 Kings 8:20, 1 Chronicles 17:11, 1 Chronicles 17:14, 1 Chronicles 28:4, 1 Chronicles 28:5, Psalms 89:19-Haggai :, Jeremiah 33:21, Jeremiah 33:22, Jeremiah 33:26, Luke 1:31-Micah :

a covenant of salt: Leviticus 2:13, Numbers 18:19, Ezekiel 43:24, Mark 9:49, Mark 9:50

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 10:13 - they fled 1 Kings 12:19 - Israel 1 Chronicles 19:14 - they fled 2 Chronicles 10:19 - Israel

Verse 6

rebelled: 2 Chronicles 10:19, 1 Kings 11:26, 1 Kings 12:20, 1 Kings 12:27

Verse 7

vain men: Judges 9:4, Judges 11:3, 1 Samuel 22:2, Job 30:8, Psalms 26:4, Proverbs 12:11, Proverbs 28:19, Acts 17:5, Titus 1:10

the children of Belial: Deuteronomy 13:13, 1 Kings 21:10, 1 Kings 21:13

young: 2 Chronicles 10:16, 2 Chronicles 12:13, Ecclesiastes 10:16, Isaiah 3:4, 1 Corinthians 14:20, Hebrews 5:12

could not: 2 Chronicles 11:1-Numbers :

Reciprocal: Judges 20:13 - children of Belial 1 Samuel 10:27 - children 1 Samuel 25:17 - a son of Belial 1 Kings 11:43 - Rehoboam 1 Kings 14:21 - Rehoboam 1 Chronicles 22:5 - Solomon 1 Chronicles 29:1 - young Nahum 1:11 - wicked counsellor Matthew 1:7 - Roboam

Verse 8

the kingdom: 2 Chronicles 9:8, Psalms 2:1-Joshua :, Isaiah 7:6, Isaiah 7:7, Isaiah 9:6, Isaiah 9:7, Luke 19:14, Luke 19:27

a great multitude: 2 Chronicles 14:9-1 Kings :, 2 Chronicles 20:6, 2 Chronicles 20:12, Psalms 33:16

with you golden: 2 Chronicles 11:15, 1 Kings 12:28, 1 Kings 14:9, Hosea 8:5, Hosea 8:6

Reciprocal: Exodus 32:4 - calf Isaiah 8:6 - refuseth Hosea 10:5 - the calves Amos 7:10 - the priest

Verse 9

cast out: 2 Chronicles 11:14, 2 Chronicles 11:15

made you priests: 1 Kings 12:31-Micah :, 1 Kings 13:33

consecrate himself: Heb. fill his hand, Exodus 32:29, Leviticus 16:32, 1 Chronicles 29:5, *marg.

young: Exodus 29:1, Exodus 29:35, Leviticus 8:2

no gods: Deuteronomy 32:17, 2 Kings 19:18, Jeremiah 2:11, Hosea 8:6, Acts 19:26, Galatians 4:8

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 29:31 - consecrated yourselves Ezekiel 11:12 - but Amos 7:10 - the priest

Verse 10

the Lord: We have not abandoned the Lord; and we still serve him according to His own law. But what Abijah urged concerning the state of religion in Judah was not strictly just; and, as spoken by him, it favoured ostentation. Abijah himself was but an indifferent character; and idolatry was evidently connived at in his days. Yet it was true, that the men of Judah had the priests, ordinances, and worship of Jehovah among them; that there were numbers of pious worshippers in the land; that theirs was the more righteous cause; that Jehovah was on their side as their Captain, while Israel fought against him; and that the presence of the priests with the sacred trumpets was a token of His presence and favour. 2 Chronicles 11:16, 2 Chronicles 11:17, Exodus 19:5, Exodus 19:6, Zechariah 13:9

the priests: Exodus 29:1-Haggai :, Numbers 16:40, Numbers 18:1-Judges :

Reciprocal: Numbers 1:53 - and the 2 Chronicles 21:10 - because Psalms 20:7 - but we Joel 1:9 - the Lord's John 4:22 - we worship

Verse 11

they burn: 2 Chronicles 2:4, Exodus 29:38

sweet incense: Exodus 30:1-2 Samuel :, Leviticus 2:1-:, Numbers 16:6, Numbers 16:46, Luke 1:9, Revelation 8:3, Revelation 8:4

showbread: Exodus 25:30, Leviticus 24:5-1 Samuel :

the candlestick: Exodus 25:31-Malachi :, Exodus 27:20, Exodus 27:21, Leviticus 24:2-Numbers :

we keep: Genesis 26:5, Numbers 9:19, Ezekiel 44:8, Ezekiel 44:15, Ezekiel 48:11

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:37 - they shall Exodus 29:39 - in the morning Exodus 37:17 - the candlestick of Leviticus 24:6 - pure 1 Samuel 3:3 - the lamp 1 Chronicles 23:29 - for the showbread 2 Chronicles 29:18 - the showbread Nehemiah 12:44 - some Ezekiel 40:45 - the keepers Zechariah 4:2 - a candlestick

Verse 12

God: Numbers 23:21, 1 Samuel 4:5-Judges :, Isaiah 8:10, Zechariah 10:5, Romans 8:31

for our captain: Deuteronomy 20:4, Joshua 5:13-Ezra :, Psalms 20:7, Hebrews 2:10

his priests: Numbers 10:8, Numbers 10:9, Numbers 31:6, Joshua 6:13-Proverbs :

fight ye: Job 15:25, Job 15:26, Job 40:9, Isaiah 45:9, Jeremiah 50:24, Acts 5:39, Acts 9:4, Acts 9:5

ye shall not: 2 Chronicles 24:20, Numbers 14:41, Deuteronomy 28:29, Job 9:4, Isaiah 54:17, Jeremiah 2:37, Ezekiel 17:9

Reciprocal: Numbers 14:9 - the Lord Deuteronomy 3:22 - for the Lord Deuteronomy 20:2 - General Joshua 6:4 - trumpets of rams' Judges 12:3 - wherefore 2 Kings 20:5 - the captain 1 Chronicles 16:6 - with trumpets 2 Chronicles 13:14 - the priests 2 Chronicles 13:17 - five hundred 2 Chronicles 14:11 - in thy name 2 Chronicles 15:2 - The Lord 2 Chronicles 25:7 - for the Lord 2 Chronicles 32:8 - with us Nehemiah 4:18 - he that sounded Nehemiah 12:35 - with trumpets Nehemiah 12:44 - some Psalms 46:7 - Lord Psalms 81:3 - Blow Psalms 108:11 - go forth Jeremiah 32:5 - though

Verse 13

an ambushment: 2 Chronicles 20:22, Joshua 8:4, Proverbs 21:30, Jeremiah 4:22

Reciprocal: Joshua 8:2 - lay thee Judges 20:14 - General 1 Chronicles 5:20 - in the battle

Verse 14

looked back: Exodus 14:10, Joshua 8:20, Judges 20:33-John :, 2 Samuel 10:8-2 Chronicles :

cried: 2 Chronicles 14:11, 2 Chronicles 18:31, Psalms 50:15, Psalms 91:5

the priests: 2 Chronicles 13:12

Reciprocal: Numbers 10:9 - if ye go Joshua 6:5 - the people 1 Chronicles 5:20 - for they cried Psalms 81:3 - Blow Proverbs 8:12 - knowledge

Verse 15

as the men: 2 Chronicles 20:21, Joshua 6:16, Joshua 6:20, Judges 7:18-Song of Solomon :, Psalms 47:1, Psalms 47:5

God smote: 2 Chronicles 14:12, Numbers 32:4, Joshua 11:8, Judges 4:15, 2 Kings 5:1, Psalms 118:4-Judges :, Isaiah 37:36

Reciprocal: Joshua 6:5 - the people 1 Chronicles 5:20 - for they cried

Verse 16

God delivered: Genesis 14:20, Deuteronomy 2:36, Deuteronomy 3:3, Joshua 10:12, Joshua 21:44, Judges 1:4, Judges 11:21, 1 Samuel 23:7

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 18:7 - twenty thousand men Psalms 20:7 - but we Proverbs 24:22 - their Luke 11:17 - Every

Verse 17

five hundred: 2 Chronicles 13:3, 2 Chronicles 13:12, 2 Chronicles 28:6, Isaiah 10:16-Psalms :, Isaiah 37:36, Nahum 1:5, 1 Corinthians 10:22

Reciprocal: Joshua 10:20 - had made Judges 8:10 - fell an hundred 1 Samuel 4:10 - a very great 2 Samuel 18:7 - twenty thousand men 1 Kings 12:19 - Israel 1 Kings 20:29 - an hundred thousand 2 Chronicles 15:6 - nation Proverbs 17:14 - beginning Proverbs 18:19 - brother Proverbs 24:22 - their Luke 11:17 - Every James 3:6 - the tongue

Verse 18

relied: 2 Chronicles 16:8, 2 Chronicles 16:9, 2 Chronicles 20:20, 2 Kings 18:5, 1 Chronicles 5:20, Psalms 22:4, Psalms 22:5, Psalms 146:5, Daniel 3:28, Nahum 1:7, Ephesians 1:12

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 14:11 - in thy name 2 Chronicles 16:7 - relied on Isaiah 26:3 - because

Verse 19

took cities: Joshua 10:19, Joshua 10:39, Joshua 11:12, 1 Samuel 31:7

Jeshanah: Jeshanah, according to the Talmud, was not far from Sephoris. Perhaps it is the Migdal-Senna of Eusebius, eight miles north of Jericho.

Ephrain: Ephrain, or Ephron, a city of Benjamin, is placed by Eusebius, eight miles north of Jerusalem, near Bethel. Josephus calls Ephrain and Bethel two little cities; and places the former in the tribe of Benjamin, near the wilderness of Judea, in the way to Jericho. 2 Chronicles 15:8, Joshua 15:9, Ephron, John 11:54

Verse 20

did: Psalms 18:37, Psalms 18:38

Lord: 1 Samuel 25:38, 1 Samuel 26:10, Ezekiel 24:16, Acts 12:23

he died: 1 Kings 14:20, 1 Kings 15:9

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 12:15 - struck the child 1 Kings 14:31 - Abijam

Verse 21

waxed: 2 Samuel 5:12, 2 Samuel 5:13

fourteen wives: 2 Chronicles 11:21

begat: Judges 8:30, Judges 8:31, Judges 9:5, Judges 10:4

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 14:31 - Abijam 1 Kings 15:7 - the rest

Verse 22

story: or, commentary

Iddo: 2 Chronicles 9:29, 2 Chronicles 12:15

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 15:7 - the rest 2 Chronicles 20:34 - the rest

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-chronicles-13.html.