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Bible Commentaries

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible
Leviticus 26

 

 

Verses 1-46


Concluding Exhortations

Similar exhortations are found at the conelusion of other codes of laws, as in Exodus 23:20,; and frequently in Deuteronomy, e.g. in Leviticus 28. The leading ideas and phraseology are the same in all. There is the same insistence on the holy character of Jehovah, the same demand for holiness on the part of His people, the same promises on condition of obedience, and the same warnings against being led astray by the evil example of the idolatrous nations among whom they dwell.

1, 2. These two vv. have no connexion with what follows, except that they form the fundamental principles of the Hebrew religion, and on them rests the entire body of the Levitical legislation: see on Exodus 24:4; Exodus 34:13.

3-13. Promise of prosperity attached to obedience.

4. In a country like Palestine rain in the proper season is an indispensable condition of prosperity and plenty. Hence it is frequently referred to in the OT. as a special mark of the divine favour: see on Deuteronomy 11:10, and cp. Ezekiel 34:26; Isaiah 55:10-11; Hosea 6:3. There are two rainy seasons in Palestine. The former rain falls in October-November when the seed is sown, and the latter rain in March-April before harvest.

5. There will be no scarce season.

10. Because of the new] i.e. to make room for the embarrassing abundance.

12. Cp. 2 Corinthians 6:16-18. God's presence among, and delight in, His people are the cause of all the material blessings spoken of.

14-39. The penalty of disobedience.

This is described in the form of a climax of which the steps are Leviticus 26:14-17, Leviticus 26:18-20, Leviticus 26:21-22, Leviticus 26:23-26, Leviticus 26:27-39.

19. The rain will be withheld, and the ground in consequence become like brass for hardness; see on Deuteronomy 28:23, and for an instance, 1 Kings 17:1.

26. The staff of your bread] RV 'your staff of bread': i.e. the bread which is your staff or support: cp. Ezekiel 4:16; Ezekiel 5:16; Ezekiel 14:13. Owing to the scarcity one oven will be sufficient to bake the bread of ten families.

29. This actually took place more than once: see on Deuteronomy 28:53-57.

30. High places] places of worship, usually on an eminence. The name is sometimes applied to places, used for the worship of Jehovah, but in later times the 'high places' were condemned as idolatrous. Images] RV 'sun-images,' images of the sun-god worshipped by the Phœnicians and Babylonians: see 2 Kings 23:11; 2 Chronicles 14:5; 2 Chronicles 34:4, 2 Chronicles 34:7 and cp. Ezekiel 6:4, Ezekiel 6:5.

31. Savour of your sweet odours] i.e. sacrifices: see on Exodus 29:18.

34. The land lying desolate will then enjoy the rest of the sabbaths and Sabbatical years refused to it by a disobedient people: see Leviticus 25:1-7, and cp. 2 Chronicles 36:21.

36, 37. A highly imaginative description of the inherent weakness of all wrongdoing, and of the cowardice which is the result of an evil conscience: cp. Deuteronomy 28:65-67; Proverbs 28:1.

40-45. God desireth not the death of the sinner, and therefore every threat of punishment for disobedience is followed by a promise of mercy, on condition of repentance and amendment: cp. the way in which the prophecies of Amos and Micah conclude.

41. Uncircumcised hearts] unclean, not consecrated to God: see on Leviticus 19:23.

46. The conclusion of the Law of Holiness (see intro. to Leviticus 17-26). The following chapter is of the nature of an appendix.

 


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Bibliography Information
Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Leviticus 26:4". "John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcb/leviticus-26.html. 1909.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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