Promises and warnings (26:1-46)
God reminded the people to put into practice all they had been taught concerning him, his sabbaths and his sanctuary (26:1-2). Obedience would bring agricultural prosperity, social contentment, victory over enemies, and a comforting sense of God's presence (3-13). Disobedience would bring widespread disease, defeat by enemies, drought and destruction, till they awoke to their sin and turned again to God (14-20).
If the people failed to respond, God would increase their disasters, sending against them fierce enemies who would starve them to death, butcher them with the sword, devastate their cities and take them captive into other countries (21-33). If the people refused to rest the land every seventh year, God would force them to rest it by allowing foreign invaders to carry them into exile. Their land would then lie desolate and waste (34-39; cf. 2 Chronicles 36:20-21; Jeremiah 34:13-22). When finally they turned in confession to God, he would bring them back to their land according to the covenant he made with them (40-46).
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Flemming, Donald C. "Commentary on Leviticus 26". "Brideway Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany