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Satan. See note on 2 Samuel 24:1 .
trespass = guilt. See Exodus 30:11-16 . The Tabernacle was erected with the ransom paid for 600,000. The site of the Temple obtained at the cost of 70,000 souls.
the sum. See note on 2 Samuel 24:9 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim. (with Art.) = the [true] God. App-4 .
sinned. Hebrew. chata'. App-44 . David's repentance and confession preceded Gad's visit to him.
iniquity = perverseness.
three years. See note on 2 Samuel 24:13 .
be destroyed. Septuagint and Vulgate read "flee", as in 2 Samuel 24:13 .
coasts = borders.
great = many.
He repented. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .
Oman: or Araunah in 2 Samuel 24:0 .
the place. Hebrew. makom, as in Ruth 4:10 . Referring to the whole place, afterward the Temple area. Not Hebrew. goren, as in 2 Samuel 24:24 , which was merely the threshingfloor, as in Ruth 3:2 . Hence 600 shekels of gold for the former, but only 50 shekels of silver for the latter. Two distinct transactions.
threshing instruments = threshing sledges composed of balks of timber, with sharp stones or iron spikes beneath. Compare Isaiah 41:15 . 2 Samuel 24:22 . Hebrew. morag. Called to-day in Palestine moarej.
meat offering = meal offering. Hebrew. minchah, gift offering. App-43 .
offer = offer up. Hebrew. 'alah . App-43 .
from heaven by fire. All sacrifices accepted by God were consumed by fire from heaven, not kindled on earth. See note on Genesis 4:4 .
sheath. Occurs only here.
he sacrificed there; i.e. by the priests.
tabernacle = dwelling-place. Hebrew. mishkan.
Gibeon. Compare 1 Chronicles 16:39 . 2Ch 1:3 . 1 Kings 3:4 .
afraid: i.e. afraid [to delay] because, &c. Otherwise Gibeon was only about eight miles away.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 21". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 22 / Ordinary 27