Satan. See note on 2 Samuel 24:1.
trespass = guilt. See Exodus 30:11-16. The Tabernacle was erected with the ransom paid for 600,000. The site of the Temple obtained at the cost of 70,000 souls.
the sum. See note on 2 Samuel 24:9.
God. Hebrew. Elohim.(with Art.) = the [true] God. App-4.
sinned. Hebrew. chata". App-44. David"s repentance and confession preceded Gad"s visit to him.
iniquity = perverseness.
three years. See note on 2 Samuel 24:13.
be destroyed. Septuagint and Vulgate read "flee", as in 2 Samuel 24:13.
coasts = borders.
great = many.
He repented. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6.
Oman:or Araunah in 2Sa 24.
the place. Hebrew. makom, as in Ruth 4:10. Referring to the whole place, afterward the Temple area. Not Hebrew. goren, as in 2 Samuel 24:24, which was merely the threshingfloor, as in Ruth 3:2. Hence 600 shekels of gold for the former, but only 50 shekels of silver for the latter. Two distinct transactions.
threshing instruments = threshing sledges composed of balks of timber, with sharp stones or iron spikes beneath. Compare Isaiah 41:15. 2 Samuel 24:22. Hebrew. morag. Called to-day in Palestine moarej.
meat offering = meal offering. Hebrew. minchah, gift offering. App-43.
offer = offer up. Hebrew. "alah. App-43.
from heaven by fire. All sacrifices accepted by God were consumed by fire from heaven, not kindled on earth. See note on Genesis 4:4.
sheath. Occurs only here.
he sacrificed there; i.e. by the priests.
tabernacle = dwelling-place. Hebrew. mishkan.
Gibeon. Compare 1 Chronicles 16:39. 2 Chronicles 1:3. 1 Kings 3:4.
afraid: i.e. afraid [to delay] because, &c. Otherwise Gibeon was only about eight miles away.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 21". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany