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Came . Compare Acts 3:24 .Hebrews 11:32 .
Eben-ezer = Stone of help. So called in anticipation of Samuel's victory twenty years later (1 Samuel 7:12 ).
Aphek = Fortress. Joshua 15:53 .
men . Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
Wherefore . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
enemies . Some codices, with four early printed editions, read "enemy".
Shiloh . See note on 1 Samuel 1:3 .
the LORD of hosts . See note on 1 Samuel 1:3 .
God = Elohim. App-4 . Marking His relation to His creatures.
shouted . . . shout . Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6 . See note on Genesis 26:28 .
noise of the shout . Figure of speech Pleonasm. App-6 . Compare 1 Samuel 4:14 .
meaneth = is. Compare Matthew 9:13 ; Matthew 26:26 , Matthew 26:28 .
Woe unto us! Figure of speech Anaphora ( App-6 ), repeated in 1 Samuel 4:8 .
who . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
the Gods = the Gods themselves.
quit yourselves like = the Hebrew verb hayah, to become; as "was "should be rendered in Genesis 1:2 .
men . Hebrew. 'ish or 'enosh. App-14 .
as = according as.
every man . Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
man . Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
a = the.
God. Hebrew with Art. = the God. App-14 .
noise of this tumult. Figure of speech Pleonasm. App-6 .
were dim = were set, as in 1 Kings 14:4 .
could not see . One of the nine cases of blindness. See note on Genesis 19:11 .
and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton in 1 Samuel 4:17 .
came = came suddenly.
about = at.
I-chabod = Where is the glory?
because of . Some codices add "the death of". Compare 1 Samuel 4:19 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 4". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
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