Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

2 Corinthians 1

Verse 1

apostle. App-189. First occurance of this form of address Compare Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:1. Ephesians 1:1. Colossians 1:1, 1 Timothy 1:1. 2 Timothy 1:1,

Jesus Christ. App-98.

by = through. Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 1:1.

will. Greek. thelema, App-102. Compare 1 Corinthians 1:1.

God. App-98. Compare Acts 9:15.

Timothy. Timothy is associated with Paul in the address of the epistles to Philippians, Colossians; and with Paul and Silas in the two epistles to the Thessalonians.

our = the.

unto = to.

church. App-186.

at = in. App-104.

with. Greek. sun. App-104.

saints. Greek. hagios. See Acts 9:13.

in. App-104.

Verse 2

Grace. App-184.,

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

Father. App-98.

Lord. App-98.

Verse 3

Blessed. Greek. eulogetos. See Romans 1:2.

God = the God.

even = and, as in Ephesians 1:3. 1 Peter 1:3.

Lord. App-98.

mercies. Greek. oiktirmos. See Romans 12:1.

the God of all comfort. Compare Acts 7:2.

comfort. Greek. paraklesis. See Acts 4:36. This word appears eleven times in this Epistle, six times in this chapter. In to 2 Corinthians 5:6, 2 Corinthians 5:7 translated "consolation". Note the Figure of speech Epanodos, App-8.

Verse 4

comforteth. Greek. parokaleo. App-134. Occurs eighteen times in this epistle.

in = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

tribulation. Greek thilpsis. See Acts 7:10.

that we may be = unto (Greek. eis. App-104.) our being.

any = every.

trouble. Same as "tribulation".

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

Verse 5

sufferings. Greek. pathetna. See Romans 8:18.

Christ = the Christ. App-98.

in = towards. Greek. eis, as in 2 Corinthians 1:4.

consolation = comfort, as 2 Corinthians 1:3.

Verse 6

whether = if. Greek. eite, App-118.

afflicted. Greek. thliho. Occurs here, 2 Corinthians 4:8; 2 Corinthians 7:5, Matthew 7:14. Mark 3:9. 1 Thessalonians 3:4. 2 Thessalonians 1:6, 2 Thessalonians 1:7; 1 Timothy 5:10. Hebrews 11:37. Compare "tribulation", above.

for. Greek huper. App-104.

is effectual = worketh, See Romans 7:5.

enduring. Greek. hupomone. Generally trans). "patience".

Verse 7

of = on

behalf of. Greek haper, as in 2 Corinthians 1:6.

stedfast. Greek. bebaios. See Hebrews 2:2. In some MSS. this clause stands at the beginning of 2 Corinthians 1:6, in others in the middle, alter "suffer".

knowing. Greek. oida. App-182.

partakers. Greek. koinonos. Seer Colossians 10:18.

also, etc. of the consolation also.

Verse 8

would not = do not wish (Greek. thelo. App-102.) you to be.

not. Greek ou. App-105.

ignorant. Greek agnoeo. See Romans 1:13. The sixth occurance of this expression.

of. The texts read "concerning", Greek. peri. App-104.

to us, The texts omit,

pressed = weighed down. Greek. bareo, Elsewhere, 2 Corinthians 6:4. Matthew 26:43 (heavy). Mark 14:40. Luke 9:32, 1 Timothy 5:16 (charged),

out of measure. Literally according to (Greek. kata. App-104.) excellence (Greek. hyperbole) or excess. This phrase is used five times. See 2 Corinthians 4:17. Romans 7:13. 1 Corinthians 12:31. Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:13.

above. Greek. huper. App-104.

strength = power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.

insomuch = so.

despaired. Greek. exaporeomai. Only here and 2 Corinthians 4:8. The reference may be to the riot at Ephesus (Acts 19:23-34), where his life would have been in danger, but for the counsel of his friends (2 Corinthians 1:31; but the following verses rather indicate some dangerous sickness. Both may have been in the apostle"s mind,

life. Greek. zao. Compare App-170.

Verse 9

sentence = answer. Greek. apokrima. Only here. Compare App-122. The only issue he could see from his troubles wag "death".

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

not. Greek. me. App-105.

trust. Greek. peitho. App-160. naiseth. Greek. egeiro. App-175.

the dead. App-139.

Verse 10

delivered. Greek. ruomai, Note the different tenses, giving the Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6.

from = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

so great. Greek. telikoutos. Only here, Hebrews 2:3. James 3:4. Revelation 16:18.

doth. The texts read "will",

trust = hope.

yet = still also.

Verse 11

helping together = co-operating. Greek. sunupourgeo. Only here.

by. No Preposition. Dative case.

prayer. Greek. deesis, App-134.

gift. Greek. charisma. App-184.

upon. Greek. eis. App-104.

by the means of = from. Greek. ek. App-104. Thanks may be given. Literally, it may be thanked. Greek. eucharisteo. See Acts 27:35.

on our behalf = on account of (Greek. huper. Same as "for", 2 Corinthians 1:6) us.

Verse 12

rejoicing = boasting Greek. kauchesis, the act of boasting, See Romans 3:22.

testimony. Greek. marturion. First occurance, Matthew 8:4, conscience. See Acts 23:1.

simplicity = guilelessness. Greek. haplotos, Elsewhere 2 Corinthians 8:2; 2 Corinthians 9:11, 2 Corinthians 9:13, 2 Corinthians 11:3; Romans 12:8. Ephesians 6:5. Colossians 3:22. The texts read hagiotes, holiness; not the Syriac.

godly sincerity = sincerity of God.

sincerity, Greek. eilikrineia. See 1 Corinthians 5:8.

with = in. Greek. en. App-104,

fleshly. Greek. sarkikos. See Romans 7:14 and 1 Peter 2:11.

by = in, as above.

have had our eonvereation = behaved, or lived. Greek anastrepho, Compare Ephesians 2:3. 1 Timothy 3:15, Hebrews 10:33; Hebrews 13:18. 1 Peter 1:17. 2 Peter 2:18.

world. Greek kosmos. App-129.1.

more abundantly. Greek. perissoterds. Out of thirteen occurances, seven are in this Epistle. See 2 Corinthians 2:4; 2 Corinthians 7:13, 2 Corinthians 7:15; 2 Corinthians 11:23, 2 Corinthians 11:24; 2 Corinthians 12:15,

to you-ward = towards (Greek. pros. App-104.) you.

Verse 13

none = not (Greek. ou).

other. Greek. allos App-124.

acknowledge. Greek. epiginosko. App-132.

even. The texts omit.

Verse 14

also ye = ye also.

have. Omit.

in part. Greek. apo merous. A part of you, the faithful ones.

rejoicing = ground of boasting. Greek. kauchema. See Romans 4:2.

the day, &c. See 1 Corinthians 5:5.

Jesus. App-98.

Verse 15

in. No Prep Out, case. confidence. Greek. pepoithesis. App-160.

was minded = wished. Greek. boulomai, App-102.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

before, i.e. before visiting Macedonia.

benefit. Greek charis, App-181.

Verse 16

into. Greek eis. App-104.

out of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

brought on my way. Greek. piopempo. See Acts 15:3

toward. Greek. eis, as above. This was the apostle"s original intention, but was altered, because of his not finding Titus 2:12-13). See p. 1727.

Verse 17

did I, &c. The question is introduced by meti, expecting a negative answer,

lightness = fickleness. Gn elaphria, Only here.

purpose = plan. Greek. bouleuoThe "Received Text" reads bouleuomai at the beginning of the verse also.

according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

with. Greek. para. App-104.

yea yea = the yea yea.

nay nay = the nay nay. Greek. on. App-105. That is, one thing to-day and another to-morrow.

Verse 18

true = faithful. Greek. pistos App-150.

word. Greek. logos. App-121. Compare 1 Corinthians 1:18.

toward = unto. Greek. pros, as in verses: 2 Corinthians 1:15, 2 Corinthians 1:16, 2 Corinthians 1:20.

Verse 19

Son. Greek. huios. App-108.

preached. Greek. kereseo, App-121.

among. Greek. en. App-104.

Silvanus = Silas. Compare 1 Thessalonians 1:1, 2 Thessalonians 1:1. 1 Peter 5:12. See Acts 18:5.

Verse 20

all, &c. = as many as are the promises of God, in Him they are. and in Him. The texts read" Wherefore also through (App-104, 2 Corinthians 1:1) Him they are. "Amen, This Hebrew word is translated "verily" in the Gospels, except in Matthew 6:13 at the end of the Lord"s Prayer, and at the close of each Gospel, It does not nec. in the Acts. In the Epistles it comes at the close of benedictions and doxologies. In the Revelation occasionally at the beginning. There are three exceptions, here, 1 Corinthians 14:16, and Revelation 3:14. In the last passage it is a title of the Lord. It means "truth", and He is the Truth (John 14:6). Compare Isaiah 65:16, where "the God of truth" is "the God of Amen",

Verse 21

stablisheth = confirms. Greek. bebaioo. See Romans 15:8.

hath. Omit.

anointed. Greek. chrio, the verb from which Christos is formed. Elsewhere, always of the Lord. Luke 4:18. Acts 4:27; Acts 10:38. Hebrews 1:9.

Verse 22

hath. Omit.

also sealed us = sealed us also.

sealed. Greek. sphragizo. Compare John 3:33.

given = gave,

earnest. Greek. arrabon. Only here, 2 Corinthians 5:5. Ephesians 1:14. A foretaste or pledge of some future benefit.

Spirit. App-101. The operation of the Spirit is the pledge of the fulfilment of the promises.

Verse 23

call God for a record = invoke God as a witness.

call. Greek. epikaleomai. See Acts 2:21, Compare Acts 25:11, Acts 25:12, Acts 25:21, Acts 25:25; &c.

record. Greek. martur. Compare Romans 1:9.

upon, Greek. epi. App-104.

soul. Greek. psuche. App-110.

spare. Greek.pheidomai. See Acts 20:29.

as yet. Greek. ouketi.

unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

Verse 24

for that = because.

have dominion = lord it. Greek. kurieuo. See Romans 6:9.

faith. Greek. pistis. App-150.

helpers. Greek sunergoe. See Romans 3:9.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 1". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.