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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

2 Corinthians 12

Verse 1

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

glory. Greek. kauchaomai. See Romans 2:19.

I will = But I will.

to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

visions. Greek. optasia. See Acts 26:19

revelations. Greek. apokalupsis. App-106.

Lord. App-98.

Verse 2

knew. Greek. oida. App-132. The 2nd Perf. with sense of the Present Tense.

man. Greek. anthropos. App-129.

in. Greek. en. App-104.

Christ. App-98.

above, &c. Literally before (Greek. pro. App-104. xiv) four-teen years.

cannot tell = know (Greek. oida as above) not (Greek. au).

out of = without. Greek. ektos. See 1 Corinthians 6:18.

God. App-98.

caught up = caught away. Greek. harpazo. See John 10:12.

to = as far as. Greek. heos.

heaven. Singular. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

Verse 4

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

paradise. See note on Ecclesiastes 2:5,

unspeakable. Greek. arretos. Only here.

words, Greek. rhema. See Mark 9:32.

utter. Greek. laleo. App-121. Paul was alive, and whether be was carried away bodily, as Phillip was (Acts 8:39), or not, he knew not, nor can we, only God knows. He may have been as Ezekiel was (Ezekiel 8:3), or John (Revelation 1:10).

Verse 5

Of = On behalf of. Greek. huper. App-104.

but = except. Greek. ei me.

infirmities = weaknesses. Same word in 2 Corinthians 9:10.

Verse 6

though = if, App-118.

desire. Greek. thelo. App-102.

fool. Greek. aphron. See Luke 11:40. This is the eighth occurance of the word, and the ninth is in 2 Corinthians 12:11.

forbear = spare. Greek. pheidomai. See Acts 20:29.

lest. Greek. me. App-105.

any man = anyone. Greek. tis. App-123.

think = reckon.

of = with reference to. Greek. eis. App-104.

above. Greek. huper. App-104.

seeth. Greek. blepo. App-133.

of. Greek. ek. App-104.

Verse 7

lest = in order that (Greek. hina). . . not (Gr, me, as above).

exalted . . . measure = over-exalted. Greek. huperairomai. Only here and 2 Thessalonians 2:4.

through = by. No preposition. Dative case.

abundance = excellence. Greek. huperbole.

thorn. Greek. skolops. Only here in N.T. Found in the Septuagint Numbers 33:55. Ezekiel 28:24. Hosea 2:6. Also in the Papyri.

the = a.

messenger. Greek. angelos

to = in order that (Greek. hina) he (or it) should.

buffet. Greek. kolaphizo. See 1 Corinthians 4:11,

Verse 8

For = In behalf of. Greek. huper. App-104.

besought. Greek. parakaleo. App-134.

Lord. App-98.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

Verse 9

unto = to.

grace. App-184.

My. The texts omit.

strength. Greek dunamis. App-172.

is made perfect. Greek. teleioo. App-125.

Most gladly. Greek. hedista. Neut. Plural Superlative of hedus; used adverbially.

power. Greek. dunamis, as above.

rest, i.e. as a tent is spread over one. Greek. episkenoo. Only here. John uses skenoo in 2 Corinthians 1:14. See note there.

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 10

reproaches = insults. Greek. hubris. See Acts 27:10.

distresses. Greek. steuachoria. See 2 Corinthians 6:4.

for. sake. Greek. huper. App-104.

Verse 11

in glorying, The texts omit.

Commended. Greek. sunistemi. See 2 Corinthians 3:1,

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

nothing. Greek. oudeis.

am I behind. Greek hustereo. See Romans 3:23, and Compare 2 Corinthians 11:5 and 1 Corinthians 1:7.

very chiefest. See 2 Corinthians 11:5.

apostles. App-189.

though = even if. Greek. ei (App-118. a) kai.

Verse 12

signs. Greek. semeion. App-176.

among. App-104.

wonders. Greek. teras. App-176.

mighty deeds = powers. Greek. dunamis. App-176.

Verse 13

were inferior. Greek. hetiaomai. Only here and . Literally, "were worsted".

to = beyond. Greek. huper. App-104.

Other. = the rest of. App-124 2 Corinthians 124:3.

churches. App-186.

except. Greek. ei me. Some as "but", 2 Corinthians 12:5

was . . . burdensome. Greek. katanarkao. See 2 Corinthians 11:9.

forgive. Greek. chartizomai. App-184.

wrong. Greek. adikia. App-128.

Verse 14

Behold. Greek. idou. App-133.

third time, See 2 Corinthians 13:1 and Introduction Notes.

to = unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

to you. The texts omit.

children. Greek. teknon. App-108.

lay up = treesnro up. Greek. thesaurizo. As 1 Corinthians 18:2 (in store).

Verse 15

spend. Greek. dapanao. See Acts 21:24.

be spent. Greek. ekdapanao. Spend out, exhaust. Only her

You = your souls (App-110.)

love. Greek. agapao. App-136.

Verse 16

burden. Greek. katatareo. Only here.

being. Greek. huparcho. It means being essentially, from the beginning. See Luke 9:48.

crafty. Greek. panourgos: Only here. Compare Luke 20:23. These words are spoken ironicelly, quoting what his opponents alleged.

Verse 17

Did I. The question, expecting a negative answer, is introduced by me.

make a gain. Greek. pleonekteo. See 2 Corinthians 2:11.

by. Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 12:1.

any. Greek. tis, as in 2 Corinthians 12:6.

sent. Greek. apostello. App-174.

unto. Greek. pros, as in 2 Corinthians 12:14.

Verse 18

with, &c. Greek. sunopostello. App-174. Only here.

a = the. See 2 Corinthians 8:18.

spirit. App-101. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy for mind. The internal purpose, in contrast with the external walk.

steps. Greek. ichnos. See Romans 4:12.

Verse 19

excuse ourselves = are making an apology. Greek. apologeomai. See Acts 19:33.

speak. Greek. laleo, as in 2 Corinthians 12:4.

dearly beloved. Greek. agapetos. App-136.

edifying. Greek. oikodome. See 1 Corinthians 3:9.

Verse 20

lest = lest in any way. Greek. me pos.

would = wish. Greek. thelo. App-102.

debates. Greek. eris, strife. See Romans 1:29.

envyings = jealousies. Greek. zelos. See Acts 5:17.

wraths. Greek. thumos. Occurs eighteen times. Transl, "wrath except Romans 2:3 (indignation), and Revelation 16:19; Revelation 19:15 (fierceness).

strifes. Greek. eritheia. Occurs seven times. Translated "strife", except Romans 2:8, Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:16 (contention).

backbitinge. Greek. katalalia, speaking against. Only here and 1 Peter 2:1.

whisperings. Greek. psithurismos. Only here and Ecclesiastes 1:10, Ecclesiastes 1:11 (enchantment, i.e. the muttering of the charmer). The verb occurs 2 Samuel 12:19. Psalms 41:7. See also Romans 1:29.

swellings. Greek. phusiosis. Only here. Compare 1 Corinthians 4:6.

tumults. Greek. akataslasia. See Luke 21:9.

Verse 21

humble. Greek. tapeinoo. See 2 Corinthians 11:7.

among = before. Greek. pros. App-104.

bewail = mourn for.

which = of those who.

sinned already = sinned before. Greek. proarnartano. Only here and 2 Corinthians 13:2. Compare App-128.

have. repented = repented. Greek. metanoeo. App-111.

not. Greek. me. App-105.

of = over. Greek. epi. App-104.

lasciviousness. Greek. aselgeia. First occurance: Mark 7:22.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/2-corinthians-12.html. 1909-1922.