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the slaughter . Compare 1 Samuel 30:17
Ziklag . Compare 1 Samuel 27:6 .
the third day . See note on 1 Samuel 30:12 . behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
man . Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
he answered . He thought he brought news which would be welcomed.
behold . . . lo . Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
Amalekite . Thus Saul was dishonoured by one whom his disobedience spared. Compare 1 Samuel 15:3 and Exodus 17:16 .
He said . His whole story was a fabrication. See the facts in 1 Samuel 31:4 , 1 Samuel 31:5 .
life = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .
fallen : i.e. upon his own sword (1 Samuel 31:4 ).
men. Hebrew. 'enosh. App-14 ,
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah . App-4 .
Thy blood . Compare 2 Samuel 1:10 .
thy head = thyself. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part). App-6 .
children = sons.
the use of . The Ellipsis is wrongly supplied. The word "Lamentation" should be repeated from 2 Samuel 1:17 ; "The Bow" being the subject of the Lamentation (2 Samuel 1:22 ). the
bow. This is the name of the Lamentation, be-cause it is mentioned in 2 Samuel 1:22 ; and it is what the tribe of Saul and Jonathan (Benjamin) was noted for (compare 1 Chronicles 8:40 ; 1Ch 12:2 . 2 Chronicles 14:8 ; 2 Chronicles 17:17 ). For a similar reason the scripture (Exodus 3:0 ) about "The Bush" is so called in Mark 12:26 . Luke 20:37 .
behold . Figure of speech . Asterismos. App-6 .
written, &c. In the Book of Jasher (or The Upright One) = " Thy hart, Israel, lies slain", &c.
beauty = gazelle. Symbolic of beauty and grace.
The shield of Saul. Omit the italics that follow, and supply instead "the weapon of one anointed with oil", the Hebrew k e li (or keli?) "weapons" being read instead of b e ll in the first edition of the Hebrew Bible, 1488, and the Syriac and Arabic Versions and Chaldee paraphrase.
swifter . . . stronger . Figure of speech Hyperbole. App-6 .
How, &c. Render: "How [is it that] mighty ones have fallen, and weapons of war have perished".
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 1". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 13 / Ordinary 18