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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

2 Samuel 16

Verse 1

top. Compare 2 Samuel 15:32 .

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .

Mephibosheth . Now thirty-one. Born in 965. Compare 2 Samuel 4:4 .

bottle = skin-bottle (Joshua 9:4 .Matthew 9:17; Matthew 9:17 ).

wine . Hebrew. yayin. See App-27 .

Verse 3

he said . This was slander. See 2 Samuel 19:24-30 , and compare the two Structures.

Verse 5

Bahurim . On east side of Olivet; "in tribe of Benjamin".

man . Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .

Verse 7

come out . Figure of speech Epizeuxis ( App-6 ): i.e. out -Be-gone! or Get out!

bloody man = man of bloods (plural denoting much blood).

thou man of Belial . Compare 1 Samuel 1:16 ; 1 Samuel 10:27 .

Verse 8

the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

Verse 9

dead dog . Figure of speech Antiprosopopceia. App-6 . Compare 1 Samuel 17:43 ,

let me go . Compare 1 Samuel 26:8 .

Verse 10

What have I to do . . . ? First occurrence of this idiom. Figure of speech Erotesis ( App-6 ). Compare 2 Samuel 19:22 . 1Ki 17:18 . 2 Kings 3:13 .Matthew 8:29 . Mark I. 24.Luke 4:34 .John 2:4 .

sons of Zeruiah . Compare 2 Samuel 3:39 and Luke 9:55 .

let him curse . Uriah ' s murder closed David's mouth (2 Samuel 12:9 ).

Who shall then . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .

Verse 11

Behold . Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .

life = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

how much. ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .

Verse 12

look on mine affliction . This is one of the eighteen emendations of the Sopherim ( App-33 ). The primitive text reads "Jehovah will behold with His eye". This was thought to be too anthropomorphic, and so was altered, and the alteration recorded.

requite . Compare Psalms 109:26-28 .

Verse 13

men . Hebrew. 'enosh. App-14 .

cast dust . Hebrew "dusted him with dust". Figure of speech Polyptoton ( App-6 ): i.e. cast much dust.

Verse 14

weary . Hebrew. Ayiphim. Perhaps the name of a place, or of a caravansary with that name, "for the weary".

Verse 18

choose = hath chosen.

Verse 21

said . Instigated by feelings of private revenge against David for his sin with Bath-sheba; she being the daughter of his son,

Eliam . See 2 Samuel 23:34 . Compare 2 Samuel 11:3 . Foretold by Nathan (2 Samuel 12:11 , 2 Samuel 12:12 ).

Verse 22

the top of the house . Compare 2 Samuel 11:2 .

Verse 23

as = according as.

oracle = word. The first occurrence of "oracle" as a rendering (fifteen times) of dabar, word. The holy of holies, because there the word of Jehovah was heard. Other occurrences: see 1 Kings 6:5 , 1Ki 6:16 , 1 Kings 6:19 , 1 Kings 6:20 , 1Ki 6:22 , 1 Kings 6:23 , 1 Kings 6:31 ; 1 Kings 8:6 , 1 Kings 8:8 ; 2Ch 3:16 ; 2 Chronicles 3:4 , 2Ch 3:20 ; 2Ch 5:7 , 2 Chronicles 5:9 . Psalms 28:2 Compare N.T. usage in plural: Acts 7:38 . Romans 3:2 . Heb 5:12 . 1 Peter 4:11 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 16". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/2-samuel-16.html. 1909-1922.