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David spake . At this point in his history (about 1018 B.C.) This song was written and edited by him later as Psalms 18:0 , with the full liberty of all other editors of their own work.
the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah . App-4 .
this song . Compare Exodus 15:0 .Deuteronomy 32:0 .
rock . Hebrew. sela = a shadow, or shelter. First occurrence.
The God of my rock . Septuagint and Syriac read "My God was my rock" = immovable defence (Deuteronomy 32:4 ).
God. Hebrew. Elohim . App-4 .
rock . Hebrew zur = a cliff, in situ. See Psalms 18:2 ; Psalms 31:3 , Psa 31:42 , Psalms 31:9 ; Psalms 71:3 .
When, or, For.
ungodly men = Belial.
sorrows of hell = meshes of Sheol. See App-35
The. Some codices, with Septuagint and Syriac, read "and the".
fly. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .
was seen . Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "and darted".
wind . Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .
Dark gathering of.
the MOST HIGH. Hebrew. Elyon. App-4 .
channels. Hebrew. aphikim, a watercourse, con-strained by rocks or pipes or rocky channels. First occurrence. See Job 6:15 ; Job 12:21 ; Job 40:18 ; Job 41:15 .Psalms 18:15 ; Psalms 18:42 .; 2Sa 126:4 .Song of Solomon 5:12 .Isaiah 8:7 . Ezekiel 6:3 ; Ezekiel 31:12 ; Ezekiel 32:6 ; Ezekiel 34:13 ; Ezekiel 35:8 ; Ezekiel 36:4 , Ezekiel 36:6 . Joel 1:20 Joel 3:18 . See notes on these eighteen passages for the various renderings.
discovered = laid bare.
blast = nesheimah. App-16 .
breath . Hebrew ruach. App-9 .
from. Some codices, with Syriac and Vulgate, read "and from". Compare Psalms 18:17 .
prevented = got before.
judgments . Compare Deuteronomy 4:1 , note.
upright = blameless. Hebrew. tamim.
iniquity . Hebrew ' avah. App-44 .
show Thyself unsavoury = show Thyself ready to contend.
unsavoury = a wrestler. Compare Psalms 18:26 .
merciful = gracious.
And . Some codices, with two early printed editions, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read this "And" in text. man. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14 .
lamp = light.
By . Some codices, with two early printed editions, Septuagint, Aramaean, and Syriac, read "And by".
GOD . Hebrew. 'El. App-4 .
word = statements. Hebrew. 'imrah, what is said. See App-73 .
is tried = hath been proved.
who . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
strength = fortress.
power = strength.
maketh my way perfect : or, showeth to the blameless His way. Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "my way", as in Psalms 18:32 .
setteth = maketh me to stand firm.
my high places . Contrast the "high places "so fatal to Jonathan and Saul (2 Samuel 1:25 ).
looked = looked about. But Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate read "cried out". Compare Psalms 18:41 .
strivings = contentions.
heathen = Gentile nations.
Strangers = foreigners.
shall submit themselves , or give a feigned and unwilling obedience.
shall be afraid out of their close places = shall come forth trembling from their hiding-places.
People = Peoples.
violent man : i.e. Saul.
man . Hebrew. 'ish . App-14 .
tower . Figure of speech Prosopopceia. App-6 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 22". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13