done = being done.
bitter cry. Not (we may be sure) without confession and prayer, as with Nehemiah (Est 1), and Daniel 9).
even = as far as.
commandments word. See note on Esther 1:12.
decree = Imperial decree. Hebrew. dath. See notes on Esther 1:8; Esther 2:8.
and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6), to emphasize the greatness and universality of the mourning.
fasting, &c. These were the accompaniments of true repentance.
maids. See note on Esther 2:4.
chamberlains = eunuchs.
commandment = charge. Hebrew. zavah. See Esther 3:2.
the sum of the money = the exact sum of the money. Mordecai knew of this, but how we cannot tell. He evidently did not know that the king had made Harnan a present of it (Esther 3:11).
law = Imperial decree. Hebrew. dath. See note on Esther 1:8.
commanded. Hebrew. "amar. See note on Esther 1:10.
thyself = thy soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.
enlargement = respite.
who knoweth . . . ? Note the Figure of speech Erotesis (App-6), for emphasis. Used here of hope and trust in God and His overruling grace.
three days, night or day. The Jerusalem Talmud says "a day and night together make up a nulctke-meron, and that any part of such period is counted as a whole". Compare 1 Samuel 30:12, 1 Samuel 30:13. Jonah 1:17. Matthew 12:40.
I perish. See note on Esther 3:13.
went his way = passed over: i.e. over the river Ulai, on which Shushan is built, to the Jewish quarter, to accomplish his part of the compact.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Esther 4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Week after Epiphany