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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Exodus 10

Verse 1

the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

the LORD said = Jehovah said. See note on Exodus 3:7 and compare note on Exodus 6:10 .

hardened . See note on Exodus 4:2 .

Verse 3

Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews . Occurs only here and Exodus 9:1 , Exodus 9:13 .

God. Hebrew. Elohim . App-4 .

humble = depression of spirit rather than softening of heart. "To cry out" as conscious of suffering. A man may be humbled without humbling himself.

let My People go . Jehovah's fourth demand. See note on Exodus 5:1 .

Verse 4

locusts . Compare Joel 2:1-29.2.10 , and Revelation 9:3 .

Verse 5

face of the earth . Hebrew "eye of the earth". Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), eye put for what is seen by it. App-6 .

Verse 7

this man . Hebrew this one. No word for man here in Hebrew text.

Verse 8

who are they? Pharaoh's answer to Jehovah's fourth demand in Exodus 10:3 . See note on Exodus 5:1 .

Verse 9

We will go with our young , &c. Moses knew nothing of forsaking Egypt and leaving the little ones behind. Note the spiritual lesson; and compare Ephesians 6:4 and Genesis 7:0 .

Verse 10

evil . Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6 , evil put for death, threatened in Exodus 10:28 .

Verse 11

men . Hebrew, plural of 'ish, or 'enosh ( App-14 .) This was Pharaoh's first objection to Jehovah's fifth demand in Exodus 5:1 .

Verse 13

wind . Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .

Verse 15

earth = land.

Verse 16

sinned . Hebrew. chat'a. App-44 .

Verse 17

death . Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6 , death put for the plague which caused it.

Verse 18

And he . Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "So Moses".

Verse 19

mighty strong . Figure of speech Synonymia. App-6 . Locusts are always brought by east wind and carried away by west wind.

coasts = bounds, or borders.

Verse 20

the LORD hardened . Again this is stated. Compare Exodus 4:21 .

Verse 21

the LORD (Hebrew. Jehovah. said. See note on Exodus 3:7 , and compare note on Exodus 6:10 .

darkness . First of four instances of darkness in judgment. Exodus 10:22 .Matthew 27:45 .Jude 1:13 .Revelation 16:10 .

Verse 24

let your flocks and your herds be stayed . Pharaoh's second objection to Jehovah's fifth and final demand in Exodus 10:9 .

Verse 25

sacrifices . Hebrew. zebach. See App-43 . sacrifice. Hebrew. 'asah. See App-43 .

Verse 26

hoof . Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), App-6 , "hoof" put for whole animal.

we know not . Note the contrast between the " thou " of Exodus 10:25 and the "we" of Exodus 10:26 .

until we come thither . Note the spiritual lesson. Not until we leave the world can we have a true conception of Jehovah's requirements: "if any man do His will he shall know of the doctrine" (John 7:17 ).

Verse 27

hardened . See on Exodus 4:21 .

Verse 28

Get thee from me . Eleven kings and rulers thus offended. Exodus 10:28 . Num 24:1 ; 1 Kings 13:22 :27 ; 2 Kings 5:12 . 2Ch 16:10 ; 2 Chronicles 24:21 ; 2 Chronicles 26:19 . Jeremiah 26:21 ; Jeremiah 32:3 .Matthew 14:3 .

Verse 29

no more . Moses did not leave Pharaoh's presence till Exodus 11:8 . So this is the Figure of speech Prolepsis ( App-6 ).

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 10". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/exodus-10.html. 1909-1922.