the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.
the LORD said = Jehovah said. See note on Exodus 3:7 and compare note on Exodus 6:10.
hardened. See note on Exodus 4:2.
Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews. Occurs only here and Exodus 9:1, Exodus 9:13.
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.
humble = depression of spirit rather than softening of heart. "To cry out" as conscious of suffering. A man may be humbled without humbling himself.
let My People go. Jehovah"s fourth demand. See note on Exodus 5:1.
locusts. Compare Joel 2:1-10, and Revelation 9:3-1.
face of the earth. Hebrew "eye of the earth". Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), eye put for what is seen by it. App-6.
this man. Hebrew this one. No word for man here in Hebrew text.
who are they? Pharaoh"s answer to Jehovah"s fourth demand in Exodus 10:3. See note on Exodus 5:1.
We will go with our young, &c. Moses knew nothing of forsaking Egypt and leaving the little ones behind. Note the spiritual lesson; and compare Ephesians 6:4 and Genesis 7.
evil. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, evil put for death, threatened in Exodus 10:28.
men. Hebrew, plural of "ish, or "enosh (App-14.) This was Pharaoh"s first objection to Jehovah"s fifth demand in Exodus 5:1.
wind. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.
earth = land.
sinned. Hebrew. chat"a. App-44.
death. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, death put for the plague which caused it.
And he. Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "So Moses".
mighty strong. Figure of speech Synonymia. App-6. Locusts are always brought by east wind and carried away by west wind.
coasts = bounds, or borders.
the LORD hardened. Again this is stated. Compare Exodus 4:21.
the LORD (Hebrew. Jehovah. said. See note on Exodus 3:7, and compare note on Exodus 6:10.
darkness. First of four instances of darkness in judgment. Exodus 10:22. Matthew 27:45. Jude 1:13. Revelation 16:10.
let your flocks and your herds be stayed. Pharaoh"s second objection to Jehovah"s fifth and final demand in Exodus 10:9.
sacrifices. Hebrew. zebach. See App-43. sacrifice. Hebrew. "asah. See App-43.
hoof. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), App-6, "hoof" put for whole animal.
we know not. Note the contrast between the "thou "of Exodus 10:25 and the "we" of Exodus 10:26.
until we come thither. Note the spiritual lesson. Not until we leave the world can we have a true conception of Jehovah"s requirements: "if any man do His will he shall know of the doctrine" (John 7:17).
hardened. See on Exodus 4:21.
Get thee from me. Eleven kings and rulers thus offended. Exodus 10:28. Numbers 24:1; 1 Kings 13:22:27; 2 Kings 5:12. 2 Chronicles 16:10; 2 Chronicles 24:21; 2 Chronicles 26:19. Jeremiah 26:21; Jeremiah 32:3. Matthew 14:3.
no more. Moses did not leave Pharaoh"s presence till Exodus 11:8. So this is the Figure of speech Prolepsis (App-6).
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany