Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Exodus 10

Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

the LORD said = Jehovah said. See note on Exodus 3:7 and compare note on Exodus 6:10.

hardened. See note on Exodus 4:2.

Verse 3

Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews. Occurs only here and Exodus 9:1, Exodus 9:13.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

humble = depression of spirit rather than softening of heart. "To cry out" as conscious of suffering. A man may be humbled without humbling himself.

let My People go. Jehovah"s fourth demand. See note on Exodus 5:1.

Verse 4

locusts. Compare Joel 2:1-10, and Revelation 9:3-1.

Verse 5

face of the earth. Hebrew "eye of the earth". Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), eye put for what is seen by it. App-6.

Verse 7

this man. Hebrew this one. No word for man here in Hebrew text.

Verse 8

who are they? Pharaoh"s answer to Jehovah"s fourth demand in Exodus 10:3. See note on Exodus 5:1.

Verse 9

We will go with our young, &c. Moses knew nothing of forsaking Egypt and leaving the little ones behind. Note the spiritual lesson; and compare Ephesians 6:4 and Genesis 7.

Verse 10

evil. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, evil put for death, threatened in Exodus 10:28.

Verse 11

men. Hebrew, plural of "ish, or "enosh (App-14.) This was Pharaoh"s first objection to Jehovah"s fifth demand in Exodus 5:1.

Verse 13

wind. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

Verse 15

earth = land.

Verse 16

sinned. Hebrew. chat"a. App-44.

Verse 17

death. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, death put for the plague which caused it.

Verse 18

And he. Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "So Moses".

Verse 19

mighty strong. Figure of speech Synonymia. App-6. Locusts are always brought by east wind and carried away by west wind.

coasts = bounds, or borders.

Verse 20

the LORD hardened. Again this is stated. Compare Exodus 4:21.

Verse 21

the LORD (Hebrew. Jehovah. said. See note on Exodus 3:7, and compare note on Exodus 6:10.

darkness. First of four instances of darkness in judgment. Exodus 10:22. Matthew 27:45. Jude 1:13. Revelation 16:10.

Verse 24

let your flocks and your herds be stayed. Pharaoh"s second objection to Jehovah"s fifth and final demand in Exodus 10:9.

Verse 25

sacrifices. Hebrew. zebach. See App-43. sacrifice. Hebrew. "asah. See App-43.

Verse 26

hoof. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), App-6, "hoof" put for whole animal.

we know not. Note the contrast between the "thou "of Exodus 10:25 and the "we" of Exodus 10:26.

until we come thither. Note the spiritual lesson. Not until we leave the world can we have a true conception of Jehovah"s requirements: "if any man do His will he shall know of the doctrine" (John 7:17).

Verse 27

hardened. See on Exodus 4:21.

Verse 28

Get thee from me. Eleven kings and rulers thus offended. Exodus 10:28. Numbers 24:1; 1 Kings 13:22:27; 2 Kings 5:12. 2 Chronicles 16:10; 2 Chronicles 24:21; 2 Chronicles 26:19. Jeremiah 26:21; Jeremiah 32:3. Matthew 14:3.

Verse 29

no more. Moses did not leave Pharaoh"s presence till Exodus 11:8. So this is the Figure of speech Prolepsis (App-6).

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.