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princes. Septuagint reads"prince"(singular) Here refers to Zedekiah.
Israel. Put here for Judah. See note on 1 Kings 12:17 .
thy mother. Probably Hamutal, one of the wives of Josiah, the mother of Shallum (or Jehoahaz) and Zedekiah (2 Kings 23:31 and Ezekiel 24:18 ). The other son of Josiah (Jehoiakim) had a different mother (Zebudah). See 2 Kings 23:36 .
one of her whelps. Probably Jehoahaz (i.e. Shah lam), the youngest son of Josiah, is intended (1 Chronicles 3:15 ).
catch = rend,
men. Hebrew ' adam . App-14 ,
taken in their pit. As a lion is taken (Psalms 35:7 ; Psalms 94:13 ).
they : i.e. Pharaoh = necho (2 Kings 23:30-34 . 2 Chronicles 36:1-4 ). Jeremiah laments his fate. See Jeremiah 22:10-12 .
another of her whelps. Probably Jehoiakim, an other son of Josiah (2 Kings 23:36 . 2 Chronicles 36:1-4 ). Hardly Jehoiachin, who reigned only three months (2 Kings 24:8 ). But Jehoiakim reigned eleven years, and his character corresponds with Ezekiel 19:7-8 , here. See 2Ki 23:36 ; 2 Kings 24:1-6 , Jeremiah 22:11-19 .
knew their desolate palaces. Aramaean and Septuagint read "injured or defiled his widows".
knew = knew carnally. See 2 Chronicles 36:8 .
in ward in chains = in a cage with hooks (or hoops), as lions are represented on the monuments. See 2 Chronicles 36:5-7 , and Jeremiah 22:13-19 .
king. Some codices read "land".
Thy mother. Another Simile . See the Structure (W, p. 1130).
in thy blood: or, in thy vineyard (according to Dr. C. D. Ginsburg).
waters. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 8:7 ). App-92 .
wind. Hebrew. ruach . App-9 .
now , &c. Referring to Jeconiah and Ezekiel's own days (1, 3; and 2 Kings 24:12-16 ).
of a rod : or, of the rod: i.e. Zedekiah, who byhis perjury brought about the destruction of Jerusalem by fire,
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 19". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26