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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Hebrews 5

Verse 1

from among . Greek. ek . App-104 .

men . Greek. anthropos. App-123 .

pertaining to . Greek.

pros . App-104 .

God . App-98 .

that = in order that. Greek. hina .

offer . Greek. prosphero. Occurs twenty times in Hebrews in relation to blood and bloodless "offerings". Elsewhere, only in Gospels and Acts. In the Septuagint over a hundred times, eighty times in the Pentateuch.

sins . Greek. hamartia. App-128 .

Verse 2

Who can = Being able (to).

have compassion on . Greek. metriopatheo. Only here.

ignorant . Greek. agnoeo. Sinners through ignorance. Leviticus 4:2 , Leviticus 4:22 , Leviticus 4:27 . Numbers 15:28 .

them, &c . = erring (Leviticus 5:1 - Hebrews 6:7 ). Compare App-128 .

compassed with . Greek. perikeimai. Here, Hebrews 12:1 .Mark 9:42 .Luke 17:2 .Acts 28:20 .

infirmity . See Hebrews 4:15 .

Verse 3

by reason hereof = on account of (Greek. dia . App-104 .Hebrews 5:2; Hebrews 5:2 ) it. See Leviticus 4:3-12 .

for = concerning. Greek. peri . App-104 .

people . See Acts 2:47 .

also, &c = for himself also.

for . The texts read App-104 .

Verse 4

no man = not (Greek. ou) any (Greek. tis) one.

unto = to.

he that is . The texts omit.

called = when called.

as, &c . = even as Aaron also was. Compare Exodus 28:1 .Numbers 3:10 ; and contrast Numbers 16:1-40 .

Verse 5

also, &c . = Christ ( App-98 . IX) also.

glorified . See p. 1511.

an . Omit.

High Priest . See Hebrews 2:17 .

said . Greek. laleo . App-121 .

Thou, &c. See Hebrews 1:5 .

Verse 6

also, &c . = in another pla ce also.

another . Greek. heteros. App-124 .

Priest . Greek. hiereus.

for ever . App-151 . a. i.e. for the (coming) age, the Messianic reign. The priesthood ends when He delivers up the kingdom. See 1 Corinthians 15:24 . Compare Revelation 21:22 . In the "day of God" succeeding, there will be no Temple (Revelation 21:22 ), therefore neither "priest" nor "offerings".

after = according to. Greek. kata. App-104 .

order . Greek. taxis. Here, Hebrews 5:10 ; Hebrews 6:20 ; Hebrews 7:11 , Hebrews 7:17 , Hebrews 7:21 .Luke 1:8 . 1 Corinthians 14:40 . Colossians 2:5 .

Melchisedec . See Hebrews 7:1 . Cited from Psalms 110:4 .

Verse 7

when He had = having.

prayers = both prayers. Greek. deesis. App-134 .

supplications . Greek. hiketeria. Only here. In classical Greek the olive branch in the hand of a suppliant, implying ne ed and claim.

with . Greek. meta. App-104 .

crying . Greek. krauge. See Acts 23:9 .

death . Not from death, for the Greek word is ek , not apo. He went down into death, but was saved out of (Greek. ek) it by resurrection.

in that, &c = for (Greek. apo. Compare Acts 12:14 ) His piety, or godly fear (Greek. eulabeia. Here and Hebrews 12:28 ). This verse is a Divine supplement to the Gospel records.

Verse 8

a. Omit.

Son . Greek. huios. App-108 . See Hebrews 1:2 .

obedience . See Romans 5:19 .

by = from. Greek. apo. App-104 .

Verse 9

being, &c . = having been perfected. Greek. teleioo App-125 .

Author = Causer. Greek. aitios. Only here.

eternal . App-151 .

Verse 10

Called . . . an = Having been designated. Greek. prosagoreuomai. Only here.

Verse 11

Of = Concerning. Greek. pe r i . App-104 .

many things . Literally much word (Greek. logos. App-121 .)

hard to be uttered = difficult to explain. Greek. dusermeneutos. Only here.

seeing = since.

are = have become.

dull . Same as "slothful" (Hebrews 6:12 ). Greek. nothros. Only in these two verses. Compare Matthew 13:14 , Matthew 13:15 .Acts 28:27 .

Verse 12

for = by reason of. Greek. dia . App-104 .Hebrews 5:2 .

one . App-123 .

first principles = rudiments (Greek. stoicheion. See Galatians 1:4 , Galatians 1:3 ) of the beginning (Greek. arche. App-172 .)

oracles . Greek. logion. See Acts 7:38 . Romans 3:2 .

milk . Compare 1 Corinthians 3:2 . 1 Peter 2:2 .

strong meat = solid food.

Verse 13

useth = partaketh of. Greek. metecho. See Hebrews 2:14 ; Hebrews 7:13 (pertaineth to) and 1 Corinthians 9:10 .

unskilful = inexperienced of. Greek. apeiros. Only here.

word . Greek. logos , as Hebrews 5:11 .

righteousness . Greek. dikaiosune. App-191 .

babe . Greek. nepios. App-108 .

Verse 14

of full age . Greek. teleios. App-123 .

use . Greek. hexis. App-125 . Only here.

senses . Greek. aistheterion. Compare Philippians 1:1 , Philippians 1:9 .

exercised = trained. Greek. gumnazo. See 1 Timothy 4:7 .

to discern = for (Greek. pros, as Hebrews 5:5 ) the discrimination (Greek. diakrisis. See Romans 14:1 ) of. Compare App-122 .

evil . Greek. kakos. App-128 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/hebrews-5.html. 1909-1922.