Jeremiah"s Tenth Prophecy (see book comments for Jeremiah).
The word, &c. = That which proved to be the word of Jehovah. Not the usual phrase in the Hebrew.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.
the dearth. Hebrew "the restraints" : the holding back of rain, put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for the famine caused by it. One of thirteen recorded famines. See Genesis 12:10. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 28:23, Deuteronomy 28:24). App-92. Before the first siege (497 BC), or before the third siege (480 BC). See App-83.
Judah . . . Jerusalem. Country and city.
gates. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for the people assembling there.
are black = sit in black. Compare Jeremiah 8:21; Jeremiah 13:18. Job 2:8, Job 2:13. Isaiah 3:26; Isaiah 15:3. Psalms 35:14.
to the waters: i.e. to fetch water.
and. Some codices, with two early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, and Syriac, read this "and" in the text.
covered their heads. The symbol of mourning (2 Samuel 15:30; 2 Samuel 19:4. Esther 6:12).
chapt = cleft, cracked, open in slits. From Old Dutch, "koppen", to cut off; "kappen", to cut, or chop (hence Eng. "chops", from Eng. "chapped" and "chip"). Gk. koptein, to cut. Hebrew here, hathath = to be broken.
ashamed. Absence of rain causes today great anxiety (Job 29:23).
testify: or, answer. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia.
sinned. Hebrew. chata.
the Hope of Israel. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for Jehovah, Who was, or should have been, Israel"s hope. See Jeremiah 17:13; Jeremiah 50:7; and compare Genesis 49:18. 1 Timothy 1:1.
stranger = sojourner.
in the midst. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 29:45. Leviticus 26:11, Leviticus 26:12). App-92.
we are called, &c. = Thy name was called upon us.
Pray not, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 32:10). Compare Jeremiah 7:16; Jeremiah 11:14.
I will not, &c. See Jeremiah 7:16; Jeremiah 11:14; Ezekiel 8:18. Amos 5:23. Micah 3:4.
offer = offer up.
oblation = a gift offering, or donation. Hebrew. minchah. App-43.
sword . . . famine . . . pestilence. Often thus conjoined (after this). Reference to Pentateuch (Lev 26 and Deu 28). App-92. Compare Jeremiah 21:6, Jeremiah 21:7, Jeremiah 21:9; Jeremiah 24:10, &c. See note on Jeremiah 42:2.
and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton, to emphasize each particular.
sent . . . commanded . . . spake. Compare Jeremiah 7:22; Jeremiah 23:21.
you. Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "them".
wickedness = calamity. Heb, ra"a". App-44. Not the same word as Jeremiah 14:20.
Hast . . . hath . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis.
Thy soul = Thou Thyself (emphatic). Hebrew. nephesh. App-13. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.
we looked. Compare Jeremiah 8:15; Jeremiah 15:1, where it has a stronger refusal.
and. Some codices omit.
trouble = terror.
We acknowledge. These are the prophet"s words.
wickedness = lawlessness. Hebrew. rasha". App-44. Not the same word as in Jeremiah 14:16.
iniquity. Hebrew. "avon. App-44.
do not. Some codices, with three early printed editions, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "neither".
throne of Thy glory. See note on Jeremiah 3:17.
Are there = Exist there. Hebrew. yesh. See notes on Jeremiah 14:22.
vanities = idols.
Gentiles = nations.
He. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis, "He [That givest rain]".
wait upon Thee. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 49:18, the first occurrence in this sense).
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany