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the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah . App-4 .
said. See note on Joshua 3:7 .
see. Figure of speech Asterienios ( App-6 ).
and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton ( App-6 ) emphasising each particular.
Jericho. Compare Joshua 6:21 .
the cattle. Compare Deuteronomy 20:14 .
Behold. Figure of speech Asteriaaeos. App-6 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim . App-4 .
hand. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause) for the power which is in it ( App-6 ). Compare Joshua 8:20 , where it is rendered "power.
See. Figure of speech Aeteriemos. App-6 .
between Beth-el and Ai. The place of Abraham's altar, Genesis 12:8 : so that the place where the promise of the Land was made, is the place where it began to be fulfilled. Abraham had come down from Sichem: Joshua goes up to Sichem, and builds his altar on the same spot where Abraham had built his. Compare Genesis 12:6-1.12.8 with Joshua 8:30-6.8.35 and Deuteronomy 11:30 .
numbered = inspected or mustered.
of the city. Another school of Massorites read "of Ai", with many codices and Aramaic.
went. Some codices, with three early printed editions, read "lodged in".
men. Hebrew, plural of ish or 'enosh . App-14 .
wist not = knew not. Anglo-Saxon witan , to know,
made as if they were beaten. The only form of the verb in the Hebrew Bible.
in Ai. Some codices read "in the city",
man. Hebrew. ish . App-14 .
spear = a short javelin. First occurrence of Hebrew. kidon.
behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
power. Hebrew hands. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause). for the power put forth by them ( App-6 ).
pursuers = the pursuing force (singular)
let none. Compare Deuteronomy 7:2 .
of them. One Massoretic reading is remain "to him"
consumed = spent.
destroyed = devoted.
the cattle. Compare Numbers 31:22-4.31.28 .
commanded Joshua. Compare Joshua 8:2 .
heap. Its only name to-day is "Tell" = the Heap.
as soon as. Compare Deuteronomy 21:22 , Deuteronomy 21:23 and Joshua 10:27 , that remaineth. Figure of speech Parenthesis (relative). App-6 .
Moses the servant of the LORD. See note on Deuteronomy 34:5 .
children = sons.
as = according as.
Book of the Law. See note on Exodus 17:14 ; Exodus 24:4 ; and App-47 . So that Joshua had a copy of Deuteronomy.
whole stones . Compare Exodus 20:25 .Deuteronomy 27:5 .
he wrote. See note on Exodus 17:14 .
a copy = duplicate.
and officers . Some codices, with Aramaean and Syriac, read "and their officers".
before = at the first.
the congregation = assembly (as mustered).
were conversant . Hebrew walked.
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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 8". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week of Advent