Click here to get started today!
came = come.
scribes, &c. = the scribes. Note the four parties addressed in this chapter: (1) scribes, &c. from Jerusalem, verses: Matthew 15:1-9 ; (2) the multitudes, verses: Matthew 15:10 , Matthew 15:11 ; (3) the disciples, verses: Matthew 15:12-14 ; (4) Peter, verses: Matthew 15:15-20 .
Pharisees. See App-120 . of = away from. Greek. apo.
Jerusalem. The seat of authority in these matters.
transgress. Greek. parabaino. App-128 .
the elders. Greek. presbuteroi. Always used in the Papyri officially, not of age (old men), but of communal officers and heathen priests.
wash not. To wash before eating is still a rigorous custom in Palestine. See App-136 .
bread. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), App-6 , for all kinds of food.
ye. Emphatic. Note the Figure of speech Anteisagoge.
also. Connect "also" with "ye", not with "transgress".
by = on account of. Greek. dia.
commanded. Quoted from Exodus 20:12 ; Exodus 20:21 .Exodus 20:17 . App-117 .
let him die the death = he shall surely die. Figure of speech Polyptoton. See Exodus 21:17 . Leviticus 20:9 . Deuteronomy 5:16 ; Deuteronomy 27:16 . Proverbs 30:17 .
It is. Supply ("Be that"] instead of "It is".
a gift = dedicated to God.
thou: i.e. the parent.
profited = helped.
by = of. Greek. ek.
me: i.e. the son.
And = And [in consequence of this evasion]. not = you certainly do not. Greek. ou me = by no means, in no wise.
he shall be free. There is no Ellipsis here if it be supplied as in Matthew 15:8 .
Esaias = Isaiah. See App-79 .
of = concerning. Greek. peri.
This people. Quoted from Isaiah 29:13 . See App-107 and App-117 .
is far = keepeth far distant.
from = away from. Greek. apo . App-104 .
teaching for doctrines. Greek teaching teachings. Figure of speech Polyptoton.
called = called to [Him].
the multitude. See note on "scribes", Matthew 15:1 .
into. Greek. eis. App-104 .
a = the.
out of. Greek. ek.
His disciples. See note on "scribes", Matthew 15:1 .
offended = stumbled.
saying. Greek. logos. See note on Mark 9:32 .
Every plant. Implying the scribes, &c, by the Figure of speech Hypocatastaais. See note on "dogs", Matthew 15:26 , and on "leaven" (Matthew 16:6 ).
plant. Greek. phuteia. Occurs only here.
heavenly. Greek. ouranios. See note on Matthew 6:14 .
they be, &c. Figure of speech Paroemia. App-6 .
if, &c.: i.e. experience will show it. App-118 .
Peter. See note on "scribes", &c, Matthew 15:1 .
Declare = Expound. See note on Matthew 13:36 .
yet = still. Greek. akmen. Occurs only here.
in at = into. Greek. eis. App-104 .
draught = sewer, or sink. Greek. aphedron, a Macedonian word.
But those, &c. Figure of speech Epimone, verses: 18-20.
from = out of. Greek. ek, as in preceding clause,
evil. Greek. poneros. App-128 .
thoughts = reasonings.
false witness. Greek. pseudomarturia. Occurs only in Matthew (here, and Matthew 26:59 ).
out of = from. Greek. apo.
the same = those.
coasts = borders.
Have mercy = Pity
Son Of David. The fourth of nine occurrences of this title ( App-98 ). The woman (a "dog" of the Gentiles) had no claim on the "Son of David". Hence the silence of the Lord.
grievously = miserably.
vexed with a devil = possessed by a demon; Greek. daimonizomai.
But, &c. Because a Gentile had no claim on the Son of David. Figure of speech Accismus. App-6 .
worshipped Him = threw herself at His feet [and remained there]. Imperfect tense. Compare John 9:38 . See App-137 .
Lord, help me. This was a better plea, but there was no definition of the "me", as with the publican: "me, a sinner" (Luke 18:13 ).
meet = fair.
the children's bread = the bread of the children, with emphasis on children. Figure of speech Enallage. App-6 .
children's. See App-108 .
dogs = puppies, or little household dogs; this is true only of such. Dogs are not cared for (in the East) when grown. The Lord used the Figure of speech Hypocatastasis ( App-6 ), implying that she was only a Gentile, and thus had still no claim even on that ground. Gentiles were known as "dogs" by the Jews, and despised as such (Matthew 7:6 ; 1 Samuel 17:43 . 2Sa 3:8 ; 2 Samuel 9:8 . 2 Kings 8:13 .Philippians 1:3 , Philippians 1:2 ).
Truth = Yea.
yet = for even: assenting to the Lord's words, while using them as an additional ground of her plea.
crumbs = scraps.
answered and said = exclaimed and said. A Hebraism. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41 .
O woman. Figure of speech Ecphonesis.
great is thy faith. Contrast the disciples (Matthew 16:8 ), where the same Figure of speech Hypocatastasis ( App-6 ), is used, and ought to have been understood.
nigh unto = beside. Greek. para. App-104 .
a = the, as in Matthew 14:23 .
sat down = was sitting down.
others = differently affected. Greek. heteros. App-124 .
at = beside. Greek. para .
to speak = speaking.
to be whole = sound.
to walk = walking.
to see = seeing.
the God of Israel. See Isaiah 29:23 .
called = called to [Him].
on = upon. Greek. epi.
now = already.
three days = the third day. Observe, not "and nights". See note on Matthew 12:40 , and App-144 and App-156 .
nothing = not anything.
I will not = I am not willing. See App-102 .
we. Emphatic, as are the words which follow.
the wilderness = a desert place. These are emphatic also, in addition to "we".
fill = satisfy.
I am, &c. = I was.
but = except.
unto = to. Greek. eis. App-104 .
lost. Because being without a shepherd. But see note on 1 Kings 12:17 .
the house of Israel. Therefore it was still represented by those in the Land. See note on and compare Acts 2:14 , Acts 2:22 , Acts 2:36 .
sit down = recline.
brake. See note on Matthew 14:19 .
to = [gave] to. Supplying the Ellipsis from the preceding clause.
broken meat = fragments, or crumbs.
baskets = large baskets. Greek. spuris. Compare Matthew 14:20 . Acts 9:25 . Our modern clothes-basket.
took ship = entered into Greek. eis. the ship (mentioned above, in Matthew 14:22 , &c).
Magdala. See App-169 .
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Matthew 15". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 13 / Ordinary 18