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burden . Compare Isaiah 13:1 Isaiah 27:13 . See the Structure, p. 930), and Habakkuk. = A prophetic oracle: or, the prophetic doom of Nineveh, written about ninety (603-514 = B.C.) years before Nineveh's doom; and while the Assyrian Empire was at its height. The doom of Nineveh came therefore 176 years after Jonah's mission. The prophecy was addressed to Nahum's own People, but as a menace to Nineveh.
Nineveh . This heading is not "undoubtedly by a later hand", as alleged. The words "the place thereof" (Nahum 1:8 ) would be unintelligible without it. Nineveh is not mentioned again until Nahum 2:8 ; and is only hinted at elsewhere (Nahum 3:1 , Nahum 3:18 ). The Structure below is the best commentary.
vision . Like Isaiah, always one whole. Not written before or separately from, its deliverance.
Nahum = the compassionate, or consoler. The name refers back to Jehovah's compassion connected with Jonah's mission eighty-seven years before. Nothing is known of Nahum beyond his book.
Elkoshite . Hebrew. 'Elkoshi. A village of this name exists to-day, twentyfour miles north of Nineveh (now Konyunjik). See Layard's Nineveh and its Remains, i. p. 233.
GOD . Hebrew El. App-4 .
jealous . Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 20:5-7 . Deuteronomy 4:24 ). App-92 . See the Structure (book comments for Nahum), and note the subjects of "A" and "A"; "B" and "B"; "C" and "C".
the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 . Note the Figure of speech Epizeuxis ( App-6 ), for great emphasis.
revengeth = avengeth.
is furious = a possessor of wrath. Hebrew "lord of wrath".
take vengeance on = be an Avenger to.
wrath . Figure of speech Ellipsis (Absolute). App-6 .
for = against.
slow to anger = long-suffering. Reference to Pentateuch (Ex. Nah 34:6 , Nah 34:7 ). App-92 . Hebrew "Long of anger". The opposite of Proverbs 14:17 . Compare Jonah 4:2 .
great . Compare Job 9:4 ; and see the Structure "-3-5", above.
will not, &c . Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 34:7 . Numbers 14:18 ).
acquit = clear, or hold guiltless.
He rebuketh the sea . Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 14:0 .) Compare Psalms 106:9 .
and drieth up, &c . Compare Joshua 4:23 .Psalms 74:15 .
The mountains quake, &c . Compare Micah 1:3 , Micah 1:4 .
burned = upheaved.
world . Hebrew. tebel = the world as inhabited.
abide = stand up. Compare Jeremiah 10:10 . Malachi 3:2 .
good . See the Structure "7", above. Compare 1 Chronicles 16:34 .Psalms 100:5 .Jeremiah 33:11 .Lamentations 3:25 .
strong hold = a place of safety.
He knoweth, &c . Compare Psalms 1:6 . 2 Timothy 2:12 .
trust in = flee for refuge to. Hebrew. hasah. App-69 .
But, &c. Note the transition in Nahum 1:8 , which is explained by the Structure "8", above.
the place thereof . Hebrew her place: i.e. Nineveh's. See note on title above (Nahum 1:1 ).
imagine = devise. Compare Psalms 2:1 .
affliction = distress, or trouble; Hebrew. zarar , as in Nahum 1:7 , i.e. the trouble that now threatens Nineveh.
the second time . Referring to the rising up after Jonah's proclamation. Compare "rise", Jeremiah 51:64 . Same word as "abide", Nahum 1:6 , above.
folden = entangled.
thorns . The emblem of hostile armies (Isaiah 10:17 ; Isaiah 27:4 ).
of. Genitive of Origin. App-17 .
thee: i.e. Nineveh (feminine)
evil . Hebrew. ra'a . App-44 .
a wicked counsellor = a counselor of Belial. The counsellor probably = Rabshakeh; and Belial = Sennacherib. See note on p. 1261.
quiet = secure.
cut down = cut down (like dry stubble).
when he, &c . Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 12:12 ). Compare Isaiah 8:8 . Daniel 11:10 .
-12 Though, &c . = And [now, O Judah], &c. Through not seeing the Structure and the change of subject at "-12-14", modern critics say "the first part of this verse is certainly more or less corrupt"; and they alter the Hebrew text to make it agree with the last clause, the subject changing there to the removal of evil from Judah.
thee: i.e. Judah (Nahum 1:13 ).
will I break, &c . Reference to Pant. (Genesis 27:40 ). App-92 .
his yoke . Some codices read "his rod".
no more of thy name, &c. : i.e. the dynasty of Nineveh should end.
make = make [it]: i.e. "the house of thy gods".
grave = sepulchre. Hebrew. keber . See note on Genesis 23:4 . App-35 .
vile = despicable. Compare Isaiah 37:37 , Isaiah 37:38 .
Behold . Figure of speech Asterismos ( App-6 ), for emphasis, calling attention to the reference to Isaiah 52:7 , the the hypotheticalsecond Isaiah, 100 years before he is supposed by modern critics to have lived.
keep thy solemn feasts. Figure of speech. Polyptoton. App-6 . Hebrew "feast thy solemn feasts" : used for great emphasis. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 16:16 , &c.; Nah 23:21 , &c). App-92 .
the wicked . Hebrew [the man of] Belial . See note on Nahum 1:11 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Nahum 1". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
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