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For circumstances see note on 1 Chronicles 16:7 .
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
name. See note on Psalms 20:1 .
people = peoples.
holy. See note on Exodus 3:5 .
face. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia .
evermore = at all times, or continually.
that = which.
wonders: i.e. the miracles in Egypt.
judgments = just decisions (given at Sinai).
Abraham. Some codices read Israel. Compare 1 Chronicles 16:13 .
servant. Septuagint and Syriac read plural, "servants".
children =. sons.
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .
word = promise, as in Psalms 105:42 .
made = solemnized.
Abraham. Compare Genesis 12:7 ; Genesis 15:18 ; Genesis 13:14-17 .
Isaac. Compare Genesis 26:3 , Genesis 26:4 .
confirmed = [He] established.
Jacob. Compare Genesis 28:13 ; Genesis 35:12 ; Genesis 48:1-4 . See note on Genesis 50:24 ; compare Micah 7:20 , and Hebrews 11:13 .
Israel: i.e. the spiritual seed; in contrast with Jacob, the natural seed. See notes on Genesis 32:28 ; Genesis 43:6 ; Genesis 45:26 , Genesis 45:28 .
everlasting covenant. See notes on Genesis 9:15 , and Isaiah 44:7 .
The lot = measuring line. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6 , for the inheritance measured off by it.
they. Some codices, with Aram, and Syriac, read "ye": i.e. not the three Patriarchs, but the descendants of each one respectively.
few men in number = men (Hebrew. methim. App-14 . V) of number: i.e. soon numbered (see note on "almost", Proverbs 5:14 ). Compare Genesis 34:30 . Deuteronomy 4:27 ; Deuteronomy 26:5 .Jeremiah 44:28 . (The opposite is "without number", Psalms 40:12 .) This could not be said of the Patriarchs.
When they went. Compare Psalms 105:23 .
man. Hebrew ' adam . App-14 .
prophets: i.e. those who were men of God, and His spokesmen. Abraham so called (Genesis 20:7 ). See App-49 .
sent = had sent.
man. Hebrew. 'ish.
them = their face.
Even Joseph. Compare Genesis 37:28 .
Whose feet. Figure of speech Hysteresis. App-6 . Further particulars Divinely revealed.
He = His soul. Hebrew. nephesh.
iron. Put by Figure of speech Metonomy (of Cause), for manacles made from it.
his word: i.e. Joseph's word: i.e. his interpretation of the dreams.
came: came to pass. Compare Judges 7:13 , Judges 7:21 . 1 Samuel 9:6 .
word = utterance, as in Psalms 119:38 = what is said; here, the prophetic promise.
tried = proved: i.e. proved his faith in the Divine promise (Genesis 37:5-11 ).
The king sent. Compare Genesis 41:14 , Genesis 41:39 , Genesis 41:40 , Genesis 41:44 .
the people = peoples.
at his pleasure = according to his soul (i.e. his will). Hebrew. nephesh.
senators = elders.
Israel also came = So Israel came. Compare Psalms 105:13 and Genesis 46:1 .
enemies = adversaries.
He turned. Compare Exodus 1:10 ; Exodus 4:21 .
Moses. Compare Psalms 105:17 above, and the Structure. See Exodus 3:10 .
They. Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulg, read "He". Compare Psalms 78:43 .
His signs = The words of His signs.
land of Ham: i.e. Egypt. Compare Psalms 78:51 ; Psalms 106:22 .
darkness. This was the ninth plague (Exodus 10:21 ). All are not mentioned, not being needed. This is put first for the purpose implied in the next line.
they rebelled not: i.e. Israel did not rebel against the command for circumcision. According to Exodus 12:48 , no uncircumcised person could eat the Passover. This is implied in Joshua 5:2 by the expression, the "second time".
brought forth = swarmed with.
In. Figure of speech Ellipsis ( App-6 ) = "[and they entered] into".
And = [And there came]. coasts = borders, or boundaries.
trees of their coasts = boundary trees.
chief = firstlings.
strength. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6 , for those produced by their strength or manly vigour.
their = his: i.e. Israel's (or Jehovah's).
Egypt. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 . for Egyptians; the People (rnasc), not "Land" ( fem .)
promise. Same word as in Psalms 105:8 , "word".
And His chosen. Pl = Even His chosen [People],
gave. Compare Psalms 105:11 , "will I give", and see Structure.
the heathen = nations.
labour. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6 , for that which is produced by it.
people = peoples.
Praise ye THE LORD. Hebrew Hallelujah = Praise ye Jah.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 105". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26