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The Second Visit to Egypt
11. Balm] or ’balsam,’with healing properties. Honey] This was grape-honey, a syrup made of grapes and diluted with water for a drink. It is still exported from Hebron to Egypt. Syria is famous for its pistachio nuts and almonds which do not grow in Egypt.
12. Double money] (1) to repay that put in the sack, and (2) to purchase fresh stores.
18. Again the guilty conscience which dreads every fresh event.
30. Bowels] regarded as the seat of the affections by the Hebrews: cp. 2 Corinthians 6:12.
32. The distinctions observed here were due to the existence of various castes among the Egyptians. As with the Hindoos, it was unheard of for a man of one caste to eat from the vessels used by another.
34. He sent messes] ’Mess’ is derived from Lat. missum, ’sent’: so a dish of meat sent. To do this is an Eastern mark of honour: 2 Samuel 11:8. Sometimes the host personally puts a particularly choice morsel into the guest’s mouth. Joseph’s love for Benjamin is thus markedly shown.
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Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Genesis 43". "Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20