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Repentance and Pardon of the Ninevites
3. An exceeding great city] lit. ’great unto God,’ i.e. regarded as great by God: cp. Genesis 10:1.
Of three days’ journey] i.e. in breadth.
8. Even the cattle join in the mourning. Neglected by their owners, they fill the air with their groanings. Cp. Joel 1:20, ’The beasts of the field pant unto thee,’ and for an interesting parallel, Judith 4:9-15. The Persians are said, by Herodotus, to have clipped the hair of the horses and baggage animals that they might seem to share in the mourning for a general.
10. For the term ’repentance’ = ’change of purpose,’ as applied to God, cp. Jeremiah 18:8, and for the action Exodus 32:14.
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Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Jonah 3". "Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Week after Epiphany