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This Ps. begins the group (113-118) known in the Jewish Church as the Hallel Psalms, or Hymns of Praise, from hillel, to praise. They are sung at the Passover Feast—Psalms 113, 114 before the second cup, and 115-118 after the fourth cup; formerly recited also at the other two feasts, at the New Moons, and on the eight days of the Feast of Dedication (Cheyne). Psalms 113 has been called the Magnificat of the Old Testament. Note the liturgical introduction and conclusion (’Hallelujah’ = ’Praise ye the Lord’) for use in the Temple service.
6. ’Who stoopeth down to look in heaven and on earth.’
9. The barren woman] a grievous sorrow to a Jewish wife. There is here an echo of Hannah’s song (1 Samuel 2:1-10).
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Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Psalms 113". "Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Fourth Week after Epiphany