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This Ps. expands the thought of Psalms 86:9. Zion is the chosen dwelling of God (Psalms 87:1-3), the spiritual birthplace of the other nations (Psalms 87:4-6), and the source of joy to them all (Psalms 87:7). In Psalms 86:4 God is the speaker. The mention of Babylon as no longer an enemy of Israel, but as receiving spiritual blessing from Zion, shows that the Ps. was written after the bitter experience of the captivity was over.
1. His foundation] i.e. God’s. The holy mountains] the hills on which Jerusalem stood.
2. Zion] Jerusalem. The dwellings of Jacob] other cities of Judah.
3. Selah] see on Psalms 3:4;
4. Rahab] Egypt: see Isaiah 30:7; Isaiah 51:9; Psalms 89:10.
To them that know me] RV ’as among them that know me.’ This man] RV ’this one,’ this nation. So in Psalms 87:6.
5. This and that man] RV ’this one and that one.’ This and that nation shall be converted to God.
6. People] RV ’peoples.’ God is represented as making a register of the nations which have been born into His kingdom.
7a. RV ’They that sing as well as they that dance shall say.’ The nations which have been born again will rejoice in their new connexion with Zion, and will address her accordingly. 7b. Springs] RV ’fountains.’
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Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Psalms 87". "Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week of Advent