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1:2 saints, (a-17) Saints by [divine] calling.
1:4 of (b-10) I am not quite satisfied with 'in respect of.' It is epi with the dative, which has the force of 'the occasion of,' or condition under which anything happens, not its cause.
1:5 word (c-12) Logos , whatever is the expression of a thought formed in the mind, and otherwise unknown; hence used for the thing expressed , or the expression of it. hence 'word.' Here it is the communication of the mind of God in the gospel of Christ. (See ch. 2.1.) I retain 'word' in the expression 'all word, and all knowledge,' adding 'of doctrine' in brackets, because 'in all word' is scarcely English, and the 'word of doctrine' is, I believe, the sense here. 'Utterance' gives the sense imperfectly. It is the matter and form of thought and expression, as well as the utterance of it. It is a word so large in sense as to be very hard to express. Whatever expresses the mind is logos . Nous (ch. 2.16, 'mind') is the intelligent faculty. whatever expresses the thought formed in it is logos . There is thus the intelligent and the intelligible. Thus all that communicates the divine mind (the intelligible) is logos , and first of all Christ himself. But we are said, having the Holy Spirit, to have also the 'mind' of Christ, the intelligent faculty with its thoughts (ch. 2.16).
1:7 awaiting (d-9) 'Awaiting' expresses actual expectation.
1:9 fellowship (e-12) Koinonia . as ch. 10.16. see Notes, Hebrews 2:14 .
1:10 exhort (f-3) Or 'beseech,' as Acts 16:40 . united (g-34) Where all the members have each its own place, or make a whole; or, if broken, are restored to one complete whole, as 'mending,' Matthew 4:21 .
1:18 word (a-3) Or 'the word ( logos ) which [speaks] of the cross.'
1:19 written, (b-4) See Isaiah 29:14 .
1:20 world? (c-11) Aion . age, or course of this world, see chs. 2.6 (twice), 3.18. world? (d-21) Kosmos , the usual word for world. see chs. 3.19; 6.2; Hebrews 9:1 .
1:21 world (d-9) Kosmos , the usual word for world. see chs. 3.19; 6.2; Hebrews 9:1 . preaching (e-25) ' The preaching' gives a different sense from 'preaching.' Without the article it is the instrument, the foolishness of such a means. Here 'the preaching' is the actual thing preached; and such is the force of the Greek.
1:23 offence, (f-9) Lit. 'fall-trap,' as Matthew 13:57 .
1:27 wise; (g-18) Or 'those that are wise,' alluding to ver. 26. the word is masculine.
1:30 holiness, (h-21) Hagiasmos . See Note i at Romans 1:4 .
1:31 written, (i-6) See Isaiah 45:25 ; Jeremiah 9:24 . Lord. (k-15) Kurios without the article, for 'Jehovah.'
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Darby, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 1". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 13 / Ordinary 18