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1:1 called (f-7) 'A called apostle,' i.e. an apostle by (divine) calling. Cf. ver. 7 'called saints,' and see note there.
16:1 minister (e-11) Diakonos ; deacon, or deaconess; the word 'minister' here connects with 'to minister' and 'ministry' elsewhere, as ch. 15.31. She did the needed service in the assembly there; she was not properly a servant.
16:2 assist (f-16) helper (f-32) 'Assist' is 'to stand by her and help her.' 'Helper,' prostatis , in this verse is stronger and has a higher sense, and means 'helping as a patron. ' It was used for a Roman patron, and is applied in special honour to Phoebe as one whose help many had been dependent on and had profited by. It was a complimentary touch of heart in which the apostle never fails. they were to 'stand by her for assistance,' but she had been 'a patron' in the matter.
16:4 staked (g-5) Or 'risked,' 'hazarded.'
16:18 serve (a-3) Douleuo . 'to serve as a bondman' as chs. 12.11; 14.18. deceive (b-19) A strong form of the word, as in 1 Timothy 2:14 .
16:19 reached (c-5) i.e. 'come to the knowledge of.'
16:20 bruise (d-7) As Luke 9:39 , 'crushing;' Revelation 2:27 ; 'broken in pieces.'
16:25 mystery, (e-27) It formed no part of what was unfolded in the ages of time, in which God developed his plans in creation; it was a purpose before, and eternally hidden; it was not in reckoned time. See 1 Corinthians 2:7-10 ; Ephesians 3:2-11 ; Ephesians 5:32 ; Colossians 1:25-27 ; Colossians 2:2 ,Colossians 2:3 .
16:27 whom (f-9) The natural construction would be 'to him.' These breaks, through long parentheses, are common with Paul.
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Darby, John. "Commentary on Romans 16". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29