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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

1 John 2

Introduction

1:2 report (b-15) which (c-21) Hostis . as Matthew 7:24 . The character, not merely the statement of the fact, 'which was such a one as that.'

Verse 1

2:1 children, (g-2) Teknia (a diminutive). It is a term of parental affection. It applies to Christians irrespective of growth. Used in vers. 12.28; chs. 3.7,18; 4.4; 5.21; John 13:33 ; Galatians 4:19 patron (h-24) Parakletos , as 'comforter,' John 14:16 ,John 14:26 ; John 15:26 ; John 16:7 . Christ manages all our affairs for us above; the Holy Spirit below. I use 'patron' in the sense rather of the Roman patron, who maintained the interests of his clients in every way. So Christ on high; the Spirit here for saints.

Verse 3

2:3 know (a-7) Ginosko . and so throughout chapter, except vers. 11,20,21,29 (first), oida . Perfect tense here. 'have come to know him, and continue so to do;' and so vers. 4,13,14.

Verse 5

2:5 keeps (b-3) A subjunctive, or 'shall keep.'

Verse 7

2:7 had (c-16) Or 'ye had.'

Verse 9

2:9 the (d-15) 'The darkness.' Though a little harsh in these cases in English, 'the' ought to be retained, because it is not simply a state -- a man being in darkness; but a specific darkness, the ignorance and non-revelation of God is spoken of. only it is abstract, and so absolute. 'The darkness' is the natural condition of sinful man without God, who is light; the creature without God. Hence in John 1:5 'the light appears in darkness, and the darkness apprehended it not.' 'Is passing' (ver. 8) is abstract. 'The true light shines.' that is absolute; it shines, whether seen or not. But though some had received the light, he could not say the darkness was all gone, for it was not, but only with some who 'were once darkness, but now light in the Lord.' Thus it was not as in the gospel, when Christ was upon earth; for then the darkness apprehended not the light shining in darkness. It was putting the light out. As long as he was in the world, he was the light of the world. Now it was not so. there was a passing away of the darkness.

Verse 13

2:13 known (a-38) Ginosko . and so throughout chapter, except vers. 11,20,21,29 (first), oida . Perfect tense here. 'have come to know him, and continue so to do;' and so vers. 4,13,14. known (e-9) overcome (e-25) The perfect tense. the state produced continues. children, (f-34) Paidion (diminutive); it has reference to growth. It stands in contrast to 'young men' and 'fathers.'

Verse 14

2:14 known (a-10) Ginosko . and so throughout chapter, except vers. 11,20,21,29 (first), oida . Perfect tense here. 'have come to know him, and continue so to do;' and so vers. 4,13,14. overcome (e-39) The perfect tense. the state produced continues.

Verse 17

2:17 does (g-12) See Note e at ch. 3.10.

Verse 18

2:18 children, (f-2) Paidion (diminutive); it has reference to growth. It stands in contrast to 'young men' and 'fathers.' hour, (a-7) John uses 'hour' continually in the sense of 'time,' as John 5:35 , 'a season.' It is properly a given point of time. With John it is constantly a period characterized by one thing, and hence looked at as only one time. As we say 'the hour of Napoleon's greatness.' come (b-21) 'There have come' ( ginoma1 John 1:17; 1 John 1:17 ) is not from the same word as 'comes' in this verse. It is what did not exist before, but begins or becomes. 'There have come' I believe nearest the sense. The perfect tense conveys the thought that they still exist.

Verse 27

2:27 *yourselves*, (c-2) Personal pronouns, used as the subject of a verb, are normally emphatic in Greek, but in John their use is almost universal. Still, there is some distinctive emphasis here, as also ver. 24, where 'you' seems in contrast with 'those that denied the Son.'

Verse 28

2:28 if (d-8) 'If ' (so 3 John 1:10 ) sets out what supposes and depends on the fact, not referring to time. Here, if at any moment it happened, we should be so and so. if that, this might be too.

Verse 29

2:29 know (e-3) Here eidete from oida , conscious knowledge; then ginoskete from ginosko , knowledge of something from without, from witness to us. know (f-8) Or 'ye know.'

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on 1 John 2". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/1-john-2.html. 1857-67.