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5:1 partaker (b-24) Koinonos . see Hebrews 2:14 .
5:2 shepherd (g-1) The aorist and characteristic. the whole conduct in this character being looked at together as constituting it. They are to act in this character, or have it by acting. It is not simply an exhortation to do it, but to acquire that character by doing it; to be so characterized; 'Be shepherders.'
5:3 your (a-6) Lit. 'the possessions.' What they are is wholly beside the mark. No doubt the saints were in his thoughts; but the character of the elders' conduct is what is in question. If there were no article, it would mean 'not like persons who lord it over possessions.' but here it is more definite. Do not be as persons lording it over your possessions, viewing the saints as something belonging to you. 'Possessions' is not the name of the flock, but the flock was not to be treated as the 'possessions' of the elders.
5:4 unfading (b-12) Or 'amaranthine,' the amaranth plant being an image of that which does not fade or wither. The sense is the same.
5:5 grace. (c-31) See Proverbs 3:34 .
5:6 yourselves (d-2) Or 'be humbled,' aorist; also 'vigilant,' 'watch,' and 'resist' refer to characters to be won. see Note g, ver. 2.
5:8 vigilant, (d-2) Or 'be humbled,' aorist; also 'vigilant,' 'watch,' and 'resist' refer to characters to be won. see Note g, ver. 2.
5:9 resist, (d-2) Or 'be humbled,' aorist; also 'vigilant,' 'watch,' and 'resist' refer to characters to be won. see Note g, ver. 2. faith, (e-5) Or 'the faith.' It might be 'through faith.'
5:12 briefly; (f-14) Or read 'to you' after 'faithful brother' and not after 'written.' stand. (g-29) Many read 'in which stand' (imperative).
5:13 (h-1) It may be 'brotherhood,' as at ver. 9, as that is feminine; or his wife, as it is simply co-elect in the feminine.
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Darby, John. "Commentary on 1 Peter 5". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany