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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Genesis 4

1:1 God (a-4) Heb. Elohim , the plural of Eloah , 'the Supreme'. It is Deity in the absolute sense. Elohim will, in the text, appear only in the name of Jehovah Elohim ; moreover, when Elohim following immediately on Jehovah has a grammatical adjunct, its place will be taken by the English word 'God'. see Genesis 9:26 and 24.7. Other Hebrew divine names translated as 'God' will be indicated as follows. Eloah +God; El , (meaning 'The Mighty,' see Genesis 14:18 ), *God. For the meaning of Jehovah, (Heb. Yahveh , or Yehveh ), the ever-existing One, see Exodus 3:14 ,Exodus 3:15 ; Isaiah 40:28 . For Jah , the existing One objectively, see Exodus 15:2 ; Psalms 68:4 . The name seems to express absolute rather than continuous existence. For Adonai (a name of God, not merely a title), translated 'Lord', see Ezekiel 2:4 .

Verse 1

4:1 Cain, (a-12) Acquisition.

Verse 2

4:2 Abel. (b-7) Heb. Hebel , a breath (Job 7:16 ); or 'vanity' (Psalms 144:4 ). shepherd, (c-12) Lit. 'herdsman of small cattle.' husbandman. (d-17) Lit. 'worked the ground.'

Verse 3

4:3 time (e-5) Lit. 'at the end of days.' offering (f-20) Lit. 'gift,' minchah . so vers. 4,5; elsewhere translated 'oblation.' See Leviticus 2:1 .

Verse 7

4:7 confidence]? (g-12) See Job 11:15 . Or possibly, 'shalt thou not be accepted.' But I should question 'accepted,' the rather as nasa is used for it here. Lit. 'is there not a lifting up?' sin (h-19) Or 'a sin-offering,' Heb. chattath the word having both senses. see Note b Leviticus 5:1 . Also 'punishment.' see Note Zechariah 14:19 .

Verse 13

4:13 borne. (i-13) Or 'Mine iniquity (Heb. gahvon ) is too great to be forgiven.' See Note Lamentations 4:6 .

Verse 15

4:15 smite (k-27) Or 'strike.'

Verse 16

4:16 Nod, (l-16) Flight, wandering. see ver. 12, where it is translated 'fugitive.'

Verse 22

4:22 of (a-14) Or 'the instructor of every worker in.' brass (b-15) Or 'bronze.' so always. Naamah. (c-24) Charming.

Verse 23

4:23 bruise. (d-35) Or 'to my wounding,' 'to my bruising.'

Verse 25

4:25 Seth. (e-16) Appointed.

Verse 26

4:26 Enosh. (f-16) Man, as weak, mortal, Psalms 8:4 ; Psalms 103:15 . on (g-22) Or 'to call themselves by,' but see chs. 12.8; 13.4; 21.33; 26.25.

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on Genesis 4". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/genesis-4.html. 1857-67.