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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Romans 3


1:1 called (f-7) 'A called apostle,' i.e. an apostle by (divine) calling. Cf. ver. 7 'called saints,' and see note there.

Verse 3

3:3 faith (a-13) Or 'faithfulness.'

Verse 4

3:4 written, (b-18) See Psalms 51:4 .

Verse 5

3:5 wrath? (c-17) 'Inflicts wrath' is hardly English, as wrath is a sentiment of the mind; and it is what reaches another which is inflicted, as punishment or pain. But 'executes' is not the sense, nor is 'takes vengeance.' The form of expression in Greek, as in the use of 'inflict' in English, is a figure of the effect for the cause, so I have ventured to use it.

Verse 7

3:7 abounded (d-12) Or 'has more abounded by my lie.' In the translation in the text the thought is 'he remained true in spite of my failure.'

Verse 12

3:12 one. (e-26) Psalms 14:1-3 .

Verse 13

3:13 deceit; (f-13) Psalms 5:9 . lips. (g-19) Psalms 140:3 .

Verse 14

3:14 bitterness; (h-8) Psalms 10:7 .

Verse 17

3:17 known. (i-8) Isaiah 59:7-8 .

Verse 18

3:18 eyes. (k-9) Psalms 36:1 .

Verse 19

3:19 under (l-15) Lit. 'in' en . be (m-28) i.e. 'become in that state,' not future, but the existing consequence.

Verse 21

3:21 without (n-3) 'Apart from.' see Hebrews 9:28 . God (o-7) See Note, ch. 1.17.

Verse 23

3:23 short (p-7) The present fact, 'they come short;' 'come' is not dependent on 'have.'

Verse 25

3:25 mercy-seat, (q-7) I do not think this word can be used for '[a] propitiatory [sacrifice]' or 'propitiation;' it certainly is not the habitual use in the LXX; and we have the two parts of the work of the great day of atonement, here and in ch. 4.25; 'set forth,' here, has a reflexive force; see Note e, Hebrews 1:3 . by (a-25) 'In respect of the passing by the sins.' I have hesitated as to using dia with the accusative in this sense here; but on the whole I do not doubt it gives the sense. God had passed by, not brought into judgment, the sins of Old Testament believers; and the accomplishment of the atonement showed His righteousness in this. Now the righteousness is itself shown, and to be relied on.

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on Romans 3". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". 1857-67.