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Bible Commentaries

Morgan's Exposition on the Whole Bible

Judges 2

Verses 1-23

The fact of Israel's failure is still further revealed in this chapter. In the first five verses we have the account of the coming of a messenger from Gilgal. This messenger, referred to as "the angel of the Lord," may have been a prophet, for the word rendered "angel" may with equal accuracy be rendered messenger. On the other hand it may have been a special divine and angelic personality.

There was an assembly of the people at Bochim. For what purpose we are not told, but the message brought to them called them back to loyalty to God.

Immediately following this, the historian gives a brief retrospect of the condition of affairs under Joshua, emphasizing that during his life and the life of the elders associated with him the people served the Lord; but that after the passing of these a generation sprang up which did not know the Lord. This of course means not that they were ignorant of the fact of the divine government, but that they were careless about it and disobedient.

This statement is followed by a synopsis of the history which is yet to be set out in greater detail. Here the facts are set forth in the light of the relation the people bore to God. Three movements, the details of which will be found in subsequent sections, are indicated. The first had to do with the sin of the people (verses Jdg 2:11-13 ), the second with the punishment which followed (verses Jdg 2:14-15 ), the third with deliverances (verse Jdg 2:16 ). Continuing, we find a record of sin repeated (verses Jdg 2:20-23 ).

This connection of sin, punishment, and deliverance really forms the keynote to the historical movement recorded in the whole of the Book.

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Bibliographical Information
Morgan, G. Campbell. "Commentary on Judges 2". "Morgan's Exposition on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/gcm/judges-2.html. 1857-84.