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In this chapter the prophet yet more clearly set forth the sin of the people, and spoke of the hopelessness of the case from the human standpoint. This gave him his opportunity to announce the victory of God, who, notwithstanding the utter failure of His people, would ultimately accomplish the purpose of His love for them.
The address opened with a declaration of woe against Jerusalem, which the prophet described as rebellious, polluted, and oppressing. In the presence of this utter hopelessness the prophet cried, "Therefore wait for Me, saith Jehovah." This was the first gleam of hope. The very hopelessness and sin of the people made divine action necessary, and the action would be judgment. The judgment, however, would be but the prelude, for no sooner had the prophet declared it to be inevitable than he proceeded to describe the ultimate restoration.
From this point the prophecy is clearly Messianic. Zephaniah gave no picture of the suffering Servant, nor any hint of His method. He dealt only with the ultimate result.
He then addressed himself to the remnant, charging them to sing and rejoice because their enemy would be cast out, and their true King Jehovah be established in the midst of them. He next called them to true courage and to service.
The prophecy reaches its highest level as Zephaniah describes the attitude of God in poetic language under the figure of motherhood. Jehovah in the midst of His people will rejoice, and from the silence of love will proceed to the song of His own satisfaction.
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Morgan, G. Campbell. "Commentary on Zephaniah 3". "Morgan's Exposition on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the First Week of Advent