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Bible Commentaries

Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Exodus 8

Verses 1-15

Exodus 8:1-2.8.15 The Second Plague (Frogs) In Exodus 8:1-2.8.15 we find the story of the second plague that the Lord brought upon Egypt, which consisted of countless frogs coming upon the land. The Nile River that the Egyptians worshipped as a source of life had become a curse bringing forth frogs.

Verses 16-19

The Third Plague (Lice) - Exodus 8:16-2.8.19 tells us about the third plague in which lice filled the land of Egypt.

Verses 20-32

The Fourth Plague (Swarms) - Exodus 8:20-2.8.32 tells us about the fourth plague in which swarms of insects filled the land of Egypt.

Exodus 8:21 Word Study on “swarms of flies” Strong says the Hebrew word ( עָרֹב ) (H6157) means, “divers sorts of flies, swarm.” The phrase “of flies” has been added to the original text. This Hebrew word is found nine times in the Old Testament being translated in the KJV as “swarm 7” in Exodus, and “divers sorts of flies 2” in Psalms. Strong says this word comes from the primitive root ( עָרַב ) (H6148), which means, “to pledge, exchange, mortgage, engage, occupy, undertake for, etc.” However, Holladay says in the Hithpael construction this verb also carries the meaning, “to associate, mingle, be intermixed,” from which we get the noun form “swarms.”

Gesenius says the Hebrews understood the noun ( עָרֹב ) to be “ a collection of noxious beasts, as if a miscellaneous swarm.”

Exodus 8:22-2.8.23 Word Study on “the land of Goshen” - PTW says the Hebrew name “Goshen” ( גּשֶׁן ) (H1657) means, “drawing near.” Goshen was a district of about 900 square miles. There were two major cities within this region, Raamses and Pithom.

Exodus 8:23 And I will put a division between my people and thy people: to morrow shall this sign be.

Exodus 8:23 Comments - An evidence of God’s mercy and redemption towards Israel was the fact that God was placing “a division” between His people and the Egyptians.

Exodus 8:26 “we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians” Comments - The sacrifice of a cow was considered an abomination to the Egyptians, since they considered these animals sacred, in the way the Hindus view cows today. F. C. Cook says the ox was worshipped throughout Egypt under the various names of their gods. [42] Other abominations to the Egyptians are:

[42] F. C. Cook, Exodus, in The Holy Bible According to the Authorized Version (A.D. 1611), with an Explanation and Critical Commentary and a Revision of the Translation, by Bishops and Clergy of the Anglican Church, vol. 1, part 1, ed. F. C. Cook (London: John Murray, 1871), 282.

Genesis 43:32, “And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians .”

Genesis 46:34, “That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians .”

Exodus 8:28 Comments - Pharaoh was willing to let them go out from Egypt a short distance, but he demanded that they stay within the region that is under the domain of his military. Thus, he wants to keep them under his control and bring them back into bondage.

Exodus 8:25-2.8.28 Comments Moses Refuses to Compromise God’s Charge to Him - Pharaoh begins to ask Moses to compromise on the request. Pharaoh here asks Moses to not go the three days journey. In Exodus 10:8-2.10.11 Pharaoh asked Moses to allow only the men to go out. Then, in Exodus 10:24 Pharaoh asked that the flocks only stay behind. Finally, Pharaoh allows Moses to have his full request in Exodus 12:31-2.12.32.

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These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.
Bibliographical Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Exodus 8". Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.