Judgment Upon Edom - In Ezekiel 35:1-15 God speaks words against the nation of Edom. This people seem to have stood out in their efforts to mock against Israel's destruction. Ezekiel 36:5 says that the nations and Edom appointed my land into their possession with the joy of all their heart, with despiteful minds, to cast it out for a prey. Israel's neighbouring countries stood the most to gain by expand their territories into the country of Israel.
Ezekiel 35:5 Because thou hast had a perpetual hatred, and hast shed the blood of the children of Israel by the force of the sword in the time of their calamity, in the time that their iniquity had an end:
Ezekiel 35:5 — "Because thou hast had a perpetual hatred" - Comments- This ancient hatred began between Jacob and Esau and has continued every since.
Ezekiel 35:10 Because thou hast said, These two nations and these two countries shall be mine, and we will possess it; whereas the LORD was there:
Ezekiel 35:10 — "These two nations and these two countries shall be mine"- Comments- Grant Jeffrey understand these two nations to be a reference to northern Israel and southern Judah. 29]
29] Grant Jeffrey, The Next World War (Colorado Springs, Colorado: Waterbrook Press, 2006), 14.
Ezekiel 35:10 — "whereas the LORD was there" - Comments- The Lord's presence was with the nation of Israel in former times before it fell into sin and idolatry under King Solomon. His presence will return when God's plan to restore Israel is fulfilled, as prophesied in Ezekiel 48:35.
Ezekiel 48:35, "It was round about eighteen thousand measures: and the name of the city from that day shall be, The LORD is there."
Ezekiel 35:15 As thou didst rejoice at the inheritance of the house of Israel, because it was desolate, so will I do unto thee: thou shalt be desolate, O mount Seir, and all Idumea, even all of it: and they shall know that I am the LORD.
Ezekiel 35:15 — Word Study on "Idumea" - The Hebrew name "Idumea" "edom" ( אֱדֹום) (H 123) in Ezekiel 36:5 is actually "Edom" in the Hebrew text. The Enhanced Strong says this word is used 100 times in the Old Testament, being translated in the KJV as "Edom 87, Edomites 9, Idumea 4; 100."
Comments- The region of Edom came to be known by the name "Idumea" during the time of the Greeks. But with the fall of Judah under the Romans the name Idumea disappeared from history.
Israel's Glorification - Ezekiel 35:1 to Ezekiel 48:35 deals with the topic of Israel's glorification. The description of the restored land of Israel and the new Temple and its worship (36-48) reveals a building and nation more majestic and beautiful that that found during the time of Solomon. These passages reveal the glorification that God has in planned for His people Israel. This glorification is different than what He has planned for the Church. The prophecies of this passage signify the fact that God has a much greater blessing in store for His people than any earthly kingdom in the past, even greater than Israel in its golden age of King Solomon. The future glories of the heavenly kingdom will far exceed the earthly. The Book of Jubilees (426-27) tells us that this Mount Zion will be sanctified in the new creation for a sanctification of the earth; through it will the earth be sanctified from all (its) guilt and its uncleanness throughout the generations of the world.
From these last chapters in the book of Ezekiel we know that the full restoration of Israel involves three key events that will take place in order to make their restoration complete and everlasting. These events will involve the restoration of Israel as a nation (36-37), the battle against Gog and its allies (38-39), and the restoration of the Temple and its worship (40-46) and its land (47-48).
Here is a proposed outline:
1. Judgment upon Edom — Ezekiel 35:1-15
2. The Restoration of Israel as a Nation — Ezekiel 36:1 to Ezekiel 37:28
3. The Battle against Gog and its Allies — Ezekiel 38:1 to Ezekiel 39:23
4. The Restoration of the Temple and its Worship and Land — Ezekiel 40:1 to Ezekiel 48:35
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Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Ezekiel 35". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Sunday after Epiphany