Bible Commentaries
Jeremiah 31

Everett's Study Notes on the Holy ScripturesEverett's Study Notes

Verses 1-40

Jeremiah 31:2 Thus saith the LORD, The people which were left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.

Jeremiah 31:2 Comments The phase “left the sword,” or “survived the sword” ( NKJV) probably refers to the fact that they escaped the sword of Pharaoh as he pursued Israel into the Red Sea.

Jeremiah 31:23 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; As yet they shall use this speech in the land of Judah and in the cities thereof, when I shall bring again their captivity; The LORD bless thee, O habitation of justice, and mountain of holiness.

Jeremiah 31:23 Comments - Benny Hinn quotes Jeremiah 31:23 as a fulfillment of prophecy, which states that the same Hebrew language used by the Jews when their nation was destroyed and they were dispersed across the world during the Babylonian Captivity (586 B.C.) will be the same language they speak 2,600 years later when the nation was reborn in 1948. [25]

[25] Benny Hinn, “ Partners in Ministry Monthly Newsletter,” (February 2009) (Irving, Texas: Benny Hinn Ministries), 4.

Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Jeremiah 31:31 Comments - The prophecy of Jeremiah 31:31 was fulfilled by Jesus Christ when He shed His precious blood on Calvary (Matthew 26:28).

Matthew 26:28, “For this is my blood of the new testament , which is shed for many for the remission of sins.”

Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Jeremiah 31:33 Comments - Jeremiah 31:33 reflects the fact that the Mosaic Law and the Levitical priesthood with its Temple services had failed to produce a people of righteousness. Therefore, Jeremiah was sent to prophesy the doom of the nation of Israel, judged by God because of their disobedience and idolatry. The covenant that God made with Israel at Sinai had failed. Because the Law could not bring redemption to men, a new way was found. In His divine foreknowledge, God was preparing to make a new and better mankind covenant with men, which would be through the blood of His Son Jesus Christ. This time, the Holy Spirit would be poured out in the men’s hearts, so that the Law could be written in their hearts, transforming them from within, enabling them to stand righteous before Him in the heavenly Tabernacle.

Scripture Reference Note the following Scripture references:

Ezekiel 36:27, “And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.”

Joel 2:28, “And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:’

Jeremiah 31:35 Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is his name:

Jeremiah 31:35 “and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night” Comments - We read a similar verse in Job 38:33. According to this passage in Job, the ancients understood that the heavens held mysterious laws that determined the seasons and other natural events upon the earth. Thus, Job says that to these heavenly ordinances the earth answers. Note the BBE, “Have you knowledge of the laws of the heavens? did you give them rule over the earth?” For example, since 1792 The Old Farmer’s Almanac has been used in an effort to plant crops by these laws, and ancient astrologers advised kings by watching the course of the stars and heavenly bodies. Yet, today much knowledge of the laws and effects of the universe are still beyond our knowledge.

Job 38:33, “Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth?”

Bibliographical Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Jeremiah 31". Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.