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Bible Commentaries
Esther 9

Geneva Study BibleGeneva Study Bible

Verse 1

9:1 Now in the twelfth month, that [is], the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king’s commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them,

(though it was {a} turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)

(a) This was by God’s great providence, who turns the joy of the wicked into sorrow, and the tears of the godly into gladness.

Verse 3

9:3 And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, {b} helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.

(b) Honoured them and befriended them.

Verse 5

9:5 Thus the Jews smote all their {c} enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated them.

(c) Who had conspired their death by the permission of the wicked Haman.

Verse 6

9:6 And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed {d} five hundred men.

(d) Besides the three hundred that they slew the second day, Ezra 9:15.

Verse 10

9:10 The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they; but {e} on the spoil laid they not their hand.

(e) By which they declared that this was God’s just judgment on the enemies of his Church as they fought not for their own gain, but to execute his vengeance.

Verse 13

9:13 Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which [are] in Shushan to do to morrow also according {f} unto this day’s decree, and let Haman’s ten sons be hanged upon the gallows.

(f) This she requires not out of a desire for vengeance but with zeal to see God’s judgment’s executed against his enemies.

Verse 16

9:16 But the other Jews that [were] in the king’s provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for {g} their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their {h} foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,

(g) Read Ezra 8:11.

(h) Meaning, that they laid hands on no one that was not the enemy of God.

Verse 17

9:17 On the {i} thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

(i) Meaning, in all places saving Shushan.

Verse 19

9:19 Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, {k} made the fourteenth day of the month Adar [a day of] gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another.

(k) As the Jews do even to this day, calling it in the Persian language Purim, that is, the day of lots.

Verse 20

9:20 And Mordecai wrote {l} these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that [were] in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, [both] nigh and far,

(l) The Jews gather from this that Mordecai wrote this book, but it seems that he wrote only these letters and decrees that follow.

Verse 22

9:22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of {m} sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.

(m) He sets before our eyes the use of this feast which was for the remembrance of God’s deliverance, the maintenance of mutual friendship and relief of the poor.

Verse 24

9:24 Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had {n} cast Pur, that [is], the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

(n) Read Ezra 3:7.

Verse 25

9:25 But when {o} [Esther] came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked {p} device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.

(o) That is, Esther.

(p) These are the words of the kings commandment to disannul Haman’s wicked enterprise.

Verse 27

9:27 The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two {q} days according to their writing, and according to their [appointed] time every year;

(q) Meaning, the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month of Adar.

Verse 30

9:30 And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, [with] {r} words of peace and truth,

(r) Which were letters declaring to them quietness and assurance and putting them out of doubt and fear.

Verse 31

9:31 To confirm these days of Purim in their times [appointed], according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the {s} fastings and their cry.

(s) That they would observe this feast with fasting and earnest prayer, which in Hebrew is signified by this word (they cry).

Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Esther 9". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/gsb/esther-9.html. 1599-1645.
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