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Bible Commentaries

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Proverbs 22

Verse 1

Good. Hebrew, "a name," or reputation. (Haydock) --- It is preferable to riches, but not to be compared with virtue, which is the only solid good; and even to be placed above riches, it must be well grounded. (Calmet) --- Favour with all. (Haydock)

Verse 2

Another. They stand in need of one another. (St. Chrysostom, hom. xxxiv. in 1 Corinthians.) --- They are equal in God's sight, who only values real virtue. He disposes of riches, so that the poor may one day become rich. (Calmet)

Verse 4

Fruit. Literally, "the end of modesty, (Haydock) or moderation, which must accompany every virtue.

Verse 5

Perverse. They are always in danger and in trouble.

Verse 6

It is a proverb, is added by St. Jerome, to make the sentence more striking. --- It. He is like a tender plant, (Calmet) or wax, or a new vessel. Quo semel est imbuta recens servabit odorem

Testa diu. (Horace, ep. i. ad Lol.)

--- "Shall wool regain its whiteness after it has been dyed purple?" (St. Jerome, ad L'e6tam.) --- Hebrew, "initiate a young," &c. Proportion your lessons to his capacity, and make him relish them.

Verse 7

Servant. He might be sold, &c., Exodus xxii. 3., and Matthew xviii. 25. (Gell. xx. 1.) Plato (Leg. viii.) would have nothing sold on credit. These laws appear to be severe; but they are founded on wisdom, as nothing impoverishes more than the facility of borrowing.

Verse 8

Consumed. Or beaten with the flail of God's anger.

Verse 9

Is. Hebrew, "has a good eye," in opposition to the evil, or malicious one, Matthew xx. 15. --- He, &c., is not in Hebrew, or in the Latin edition of Comp. and St. Jerome.

Verse 11

He. Septuagint, "the Lord loveth pious hearts. All the irreproachable are acceptable to him. The king feeds with lips," by his just ordinances. (Haydock) --- Kings hate duplicity; but require that the truth should be disclosed to them in a suitable manner.

Verse 13

Streets. Vain excuses of sloth!

Verse 14

It. Debauchery resembles hell, chap. xxiii. 23. (Calmet) --- Facilis descensus Averni, &c. (Virgil, 'c6neid vi.)

Verse 15

Folly. Ignorance and innate corruption are corrected by a good education.

Verse 17

Incline. Thus Solomon concludes his discourse, (chap. xxiv. 23.) in the same manner as he began it, to chap. x. Some commence the third book of Proverbs in this place; others, chap. xxv. (Calmet)

Verse 18

Lips. Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. (Haydock)

Verse 20

Ways. Repeatedly. (Bossuet; Tirinus) (2 Corinthians xii. 8., and Amos i. 11.) (Calmet) --- Protestants, "have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge?" " Shalishim, " perfect, (Pagnin) or "three things," (Montanus) means also (Haydock) such as might suit princes and great officers. (Calmet)

Verse 21

Sent. Septuagint, "are sent to thee." Thou mayst become a teacher, (Haydock) or give satisfaction to thy parents, who have sent thee to my school. (Calmet)

Verse 22

Gate. Where judges passed sentence. (Menochius)

Verse 25

Soul. By imitating him, or by falling a victim to his rage.

Verse 26

Hands. Engaging to stand bond. (Haydock) (Chap. vi. 1.) --- Such a one might be required to pay the debt, chap. xx. 16.

Verse 28

Set. The pagans made a god of Terminus, to prevent disputes. (Ovid, Fast. ii.) --- If it be unlawful to disturb land-marks, how much more so is it to give way to novelty in religion? (Deuteronomy xix. 14.) (Calmet) --- Solomon is addressing those who follow the true faith. Else the conduct of infidel ancestors should not deter any from embracing the truth. (Haydock)

Verse 29

Obscure. By industry he shall raise himself to notice. (Haydock) --- Kings employ those who are most active. (Calmet)

Verse 31

CHAPTER XXII.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Proverbs 22". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/hcc/proverbs-22.html. 1859.